# TS EAMCET 2025 Exam: Dates, Application, Syllabus & Preparation

## Get all the details about TS EAPCET/EAMCET 2025 including important dates, application process, syllabus, and preparation tips

###### TS EAMCETSyllabus

EaseToLearn is providing an exclusive interface for your TELANGANA STATE ENGINEERING, AGRICULTURE AND PHARMACY COMMON ENTRANCE TEST (TS EAPCET) 2024 EXAMINATION. Get the latest updated TS EAMCET mock test series, TS EAMCET previous year question papers, TS EAMCET Question Bank, and TS EAMCET Study material. Sign up on Easetolearn-TS EAMCET-Course to get the Latest TS EAMCET Syllabus 2024.

Easetolearn will cover and provide you with an updated syllabus of the TS EAMCET 2024 EXAM which covers topics-Physics, Maths, and Chemistry. My Study Room of Easetolearn will provide you with study material on these TS EAMCET Exam syllabus topics.

## TELANGANA STATE ENGINEERING, AGRICULTURE AND PHARMACY COMMON ENTRANCE TEST (TS EAPCET) SYLLABUS 2024

The Engineering stream's TS EAMCET Syllabus 2024 will include topics from -

• Physics,
• Chemistry
• Mathematics

Similar to this, the Agriculture and Medical stream's syllabus will cover subjects from –

• Chemistry
• Physics
• Biology (including Botany and Zoology)

## TS EAMCET Engineering Courses Syllabus:

TS EAMCET MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS 2024

1) ALGEBRA

a) Functions: Types of functions – Definitions - Inverse functions and Theorems - Domain, Range, Inverse of real valued functions.

b) Mathematical Induction : Principleof Mathematical Induction & Theorems   - Applications of Mathematical Induction - Problems on divisibility.

c) Matrices : Types of matrices - Scalar multiple of a matrix and multiplication of matrices - Transpose of a matrix – Determinants. Adjoint and Inverse of a matrix - Consistency   and inconsistency of Equations - Rank of a matrix - Solution of simultaneous linear equations.

d) Complex Numbers : Complex number as an ordered pair of  real numbers- fundamental operations - Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib - Modulus and amplitude of complex numbers – Illustrations - Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand plane - Argand diagram.

e) De Moivres Theorem : De Moivres theorem- Integral and Rational indices - nth roots of unity- Geometrical Interpretations – Illustrations.

f) Quadratic Expressions: Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable - Sign of quadratic expressions – Change in signs – Maximum and minimum values – Quadratic inequations.

g) Theory of Equations : The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation - Solving the equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation - Equation with real coefficients, occurrence of complex roots in conjugate pairs and its consequences - Transformation of equations - Reciprocal Equations.

h) Permutations and Combinations : Fundamental Principle of counting – linear and circular   permutations - Permutations of n dissimilar things taken r at a time   -Permutations when repetitions allowed - Circular permutations - Permutations with constraint repetitions - Combinations-definitions, certain theorems.

i) Binomial Theorem : Binomial theorem for positive integral index - Binomial theorem for rational Index (without proof) - Approximations using Binomial theorem.

j) Partial fractions : Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non –repeated linear factors - Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains repeated and/or non-repeated linear factors - Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains repeated and non-repeated irreducible factors only.

2) TRIGONOMETRY

a) Trigonometric Ratios upto Transformations: Trigonometric ratios - variation – Graph and Periodicity - Trigonometric ratios of Compound angles - Trigonometric ratios of multiple and sub-multiple angles - Sum and Product of transformations.

b) Trigonometric Equations: General Solution of Trigonometric Equations – Simple Trigonometric Equations - Solutions.

c) Inverse Trigonometric Functions: To reduce a Trigonometric Function into a bijective function - Graphs of Inverse Trigonometric Functions - Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions.

d) Hyperbolic Functions: Definition of Hyperbolic Function - Graphs - Definition of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions - Graphs - Addition formulae of Hyperbolic Functions.

e) Properties of Triangles: Relation between sides and angles of a Triangle - Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Projection rules - Half angle formulae and areas of a triangle - Incircle and Excircle of a Triangle.

3) VECTOR ALGEBRA:

a) Addition of Vectors: Vectors as a triad of real numbers, some basic concepts - Classification (Types) of vectors - Addition of vectors - scalar multiplication of a vector - Angle between two non-zero vectors. Linear combination of vectors - Component of a vector in three dimensions - Vector equations of line and plane.

b) Product of Vectors: Scalar or dot Product of two vectors - Geometrical Interpretations - Orthogonal projections - Properties of dot product - Expression for scalar (dot) product in i, j, k system - Angle between two vectors - Geometrical Vector methods – Vector equations of plane in normal form - Angle between two planes-Vector product (cross product) of two vectors and properties - Vector product in i, j, k system - Vector Areas - scalar Triple Product-Vector equations of plane in different forms, skew lines, shortest distance- condition for coplanarity etc., - Vector Triple Product - Results.

4) PROBABILITY:

a) Measures of Dispersion - Range - Mean deviation - Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data - Coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distribution with equal means but different variances.

b) Probability: Random experiments and events - Classical definition of probability, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability. Independent and dependent events - conditional probability- Multiplication theorem and Baye’s theorem.

c) Random Variables and Probability Distributions: Random Variables – Theoretical discrete distributions - Binomial and Poisson Distributions.

5) COORDINATE GEOMETRY:

a) Locus: Definition of locus - Illustrations - Equations of locus - Problems connected to it.

b) Transformation of Axes: Transformation of axes - Rules, Derivations and Illustrations - Rotation of axes - Derivations - Illustrations.

c) The Straight Line: Revision of fundamental results - Straight line - Normal form - Illustrations - Straight line - Symmetric form - Straight line - Reduction into various forms - Intersection of two Straight Lines - Family of straight lines - Concurrent lines - Condition for Concurrent lines - Angle between two lines - Length of perpendicular from a point to a Line - Distance between two parallel lines - Concurrent lines - properties related to a triangle.

d) Pair of Straight lines: Equations of pair of lines passing through origin - angle between a pair of lines - Condition for perpendicular and coincident lines, bisectors of angles - Pair of bisectors of angles - Pair of lines - second degree general equation – Conditions for parallel lines - Distance between them, Point of intersection of pair of lines - Homogenizing a second degree equation with a first degree equation in x and y.

e) Circle: Equation of circle -standard form-centre and radius Position of a point in the plane of a circle - Definition of tangent. Position of a straight line in the plane of a circle conditions for a line to be tangent - chord of contact and polar. Relative positions of two circles.

f) System of circles: Angle between two intersecting circles - Radical axis of two circles

g) Parabola: Conic sections - Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola

h) Ellipse: Equation of ellipse in standard form- Parametric equations - Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the ellipse.

i) Hyperbola: Equation of hyperbola in standard form - Parametric equations – Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the Hyperbola.

j) Three Dimensional Coordinates: Coordinates - Section formulae.

k) Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios: Direction Cosines - Direction Ratios.

l) Plane: Cartesian equation of Plane - Simple Illustrations.

6) CALCULUS:

a) Limits and Continuity: Intervals and neighbourhoods - Limits - Standard Limits - Continuity.

b) Differentiation: Derivative of a function - Elementary Properties - Trigonometric, Inverse Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Inverse Hyperbolic Function.

c) Derivatives - Methods of Differentiation - Second Order Derivatives.

d) Applications of Derivatives: Errors and approximations - Geometrical Interpretation of a derivative - Equations of tangents and normals - Lengths of tangent, normal, sub tangent and sub normal. Angles between two curves and condition for orthogonality of curves - Derivative as Rate of change - Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean value theorem. Increasing and decreasing functions - Maxima and Minima.

e) Integration: Integration as the inverse process of differentiation- Standard forms - properties of integrals - Method of substitution. Integration of Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions. Integration by parts, Integration by the method of substitution - Integration of algebraic and trigonometric functions, Integration by parts- Integration of exponential, logarithmic and inverse trigonometric functions, Integration-partial fractions method, reduction formulae.

f) Definite Integrals: Definite Integral as the limit of sum - Interpretation of Definite Integral as an area - Fundamental theorem of Integral Calculus - Properties – Reduction formulae. Application of Definite integral to areas.

g) Differential equations: Formation of differential equation - Degree and order of an ordinary differential equation. Solving differential equation by Variables separable method, Homogeneous differential equation, non-homogeneous differential equation, Linear differential equations.

### TS EAMCET PHYSICS SYLLABUS 2024

1) PHYSICAL WORLD:

What   is   physics?,   Scope   and   excitement   of   Physics,   Physics, technology and society, Fundamental forces in nature, Gravitational Force, Electromagnetic Force, Strong Nuclear Force, Weak Nuclear Force, Towards Unification of Forces, Nature of physical laws.

2)   UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS:

Introduction ,The international system of units, Measurement of Length, Measurement of Large Distances, Estimation of Very Small Distances:

Size of a Molecule, Range of Lengths,  Measurement of Mass, Range of Masses, Measurement of time , Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement, Systematic errors, random   errors,   least   count   error,   Absolute   Error,   Relative   Error   and   Percentage   Error, Combination of Errors, Significant figures, Rules for Arithmetic Operations with Significant Figures, Rounding off the Uncertain Digits, Rules for Determining the Uncertainty in the Results of Arithmetic Calculations, Dimensions  of Physical Quantities, Dimensional Formulae and dimensional equations, Dimensional Analysis and its Applications, Checking the Dimensional Consistency of Equations, Deducing Relation among the Physical Quantities.

3) MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE:

Introduction, Position, path length and displacement, Average velocity and average speed, Instantaneous velocity and speed, Acceleration, Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion, Relative velocity.

4) MOTION IN  A PLANE:

Introduction, Scalars and vectors, Position and Displacement Vectors, Equality of Vectors, Multiplication of vectors by real numbers, Addition and subtraction of vectors - graphical method, Resolution of vectors,   Vector addition - analytical method, Motion in a plane, Position Vector and Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration, Motion in a plane with constant acceleration, Relative velocity in two dimensions, Projectile motion, Equation of path of a projectile, Time of Maximum height, Maximum height of a projectile, Horizontal range of projectile, Uniform circular motion.

5) LAWS OF MOTION:

Introduction,  Aristotles fallacy, The law of inertia, Newtons first law of motion,   Newtons second law of motion,   Newtons third law of motion,   Impulse,  Conservation of momentum, Equilibrium of a particle, Common forces in mechanics, friction, Circular motion, Motion of a car on a level road, Motion of a car on a Banked road, Solving problems in mechanics.

6) WORK, ENERGY AND POWER:

Introduction, The Scalar Product, Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem, Work, Kinetic energy, Work done by a variable force, The work-energy theorem for a variable force, The concept of Potential Energy,  The conservation of Mechanical Energy, The Potential Energy of a spring, Various forms of energy: the law of conservation of energy, Heat, Chemical Energy, Electrical Energy, The Equivalence of Mass and Energy, Nuclear Energy, The Principle of Conservation of Energy, Power, Collisions, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Collisions in one dimension, Coefficient of Restitution and its determination, Collisions in Two Dimensions.

7) SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION:

Introduction, What kind of motion can a rigid body have?, Centre of mass, Centre of Gravity, Motion of centre of mass, Linear momentum of a system of particles, Vector product of two vectors,  Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity, Angular acceleration, Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Torque and angular momentum, Moment of force (Torque), Angular momentum of particle, Torque and angular momentum for a system of a particles, conservation of angular momentum, Equilibrium of a rigid body, Principle of moments, Moment of inertia, Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes, Theorem of perpendicular axes, Theorem of parallel axes, Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Rolling motion, Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion.

8)   OSCILLATIONS:

Introduction, Periodic and oscillatory motions, Period and frequency,

Displacement, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.), Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion, Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion, Force law for Simple harmonic Motion, Energy in simple harmonic motion, Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion, Oscillations due to a spring, The Simple Pendulum, Damped simple harmonic motion, Forced oscillations and resonance.

9) GRAVITATION: Introduction, Keplers laws, Universal law of gravitation, The gravitational constant, Acceleration due to gravity of the earth, Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth, Gravitational potential energy, Escape speed, Earth satellite, Energy of an orbiting  satellite, Geostationary and polar satellites, Weightlessness.

10) MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS:

Introduction,  Elastic behaviour of solids, Stress   and   strain,   Hookes law,   Stress-strain curve,   Elastic moduli,   Youngs Modulus, Determination of Youngs Modulus of the Material of a Wire, Shear Modulus, Bulk Modulus, Poissons Ratio, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials.

11) MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:

Introduction, Pressure, Pascals  Law, Variation of Pressure with Depth, Atmosphere Pressure and Gauge Pressure, Hydraulic Machines, Streamline flow, Bernoullis principle, Speed of Efflux: Torricellis Law, Venturi-meter, Blood Flow and Heart Attack, Dynamic Lift, Viscosity,  Variation of Viscocity of fluids with temperature, Stokes Law, Reynolds number, Surface tension, Surface Energy, Surface

Energy and Surface Tension, Angle of Contact, Drops and Bubbles, Capillary Rise, Detergents and Surface Tension.

12) THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER:

Introduction, Temperature and heat, Measurement of temperature, Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature,  Thermal expansion, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, Change of state, Regelation, Latent Heat, Heat transfer,

Conduction, thermal conductivity, Convection, Radiation, Black body Radiation, Greenhouse Effect, Newtons law of cooling.

13) THERMODYNAMICS:

Introduction,   Thermal equilibrium,   Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat, Internal Energy and work, First law of thermodynamics, Specific heat capacity, Thermodynamic state variables and equation of State,  Thermodynamic process, Quasi- static process, Isothermal Process, Adiabatic Process, Isochoric Process, Isobaric process, Cyclic process, Heat engines,   Refrigerators  and heat pumps, Second law  of thermodynamics, Reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine, Carnots theorem.

14) KINETIC THEORY:

Introduction, Molecular nature of matter, Behaviour of gases, Boyles Law, Charles Law, Kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Pressure of an Ideal Gas,  Law of equipartition of energy, Specific heat capacity, Monatomic Gases, Diatomic Gases, Polyatomic Gases, Specific Heat Capacity of Solids, Specific Heat Capacity of Water, Mean free path.

15) WAVES: Introduction, Transverse and longitudinal waves,  Displacement relation in a progressive wave, The speed of a travelling wave, The principle of superposition of waves, Reflection of waves,  Beats, Doppler effect.

16) RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS:

Introduction, Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Total Internal Reflection, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses, Refraction through a Prism,  Dispersion by a Prism, Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight , Optical Instruments.

17) WAVE OPTICS:

Introduction, Huygens Principle, Refraction and reflection of plane waves

using Huygens Principle, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Interference of Light Waves and Youngs Experiment, Diffraction, Polarisation.

18) ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS:

Introduction, Electric Charges, Conductors and Insulators, Charging by Induction, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulomb’s Law, Forces between Multiple Charges, Electric Field, Electric Field Lines, Electric Flux, Electric Dipole, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Continuous Charge Distribution, Gauss Law, Application of Gauss Law.

19)   ELECTROSTATIC   POTENTIAL   AND   CAPACITANCE:

Introduction,   Electrostatic Potential, Potential due to a Point Charge, Potential due to an Electric Dipole, Potential due to a System of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces,  Potential Energy of a System of Charges, Potential Energy in an External Field, Electrostatics of Conductors, Dielectrics and Polarisation, Capacitors and Capacitance, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance,

Combination of Capacitors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Van de Graaff Generator.

20) CURRENT ELECTRICITY:

Introduction,   Electric Current,   Electric Currents in Conductors, Ohms law, Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity, Limitations of Ohm’s Law, Resistivity of various Materials, Temperature Dependence of Resistivity, Electrical Energy, Power, Combination of Resistors — Series and Parallel, Cells, emf, Internal Resistance, Cells in Series and in Parallel, Kirchhoffs Laws, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer.

21) MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM:

Introduction, Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields, Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Amperes Circuital Law, The Solenoid and the Toroid, Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere, Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, The Moving Coil Galvanometer.

22) MAGNETISM AND MATTER:

Introduction, the Bar Magnet, Magnetism and Gauss Law, the Earths Magnetism, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, Magnetic Properties of Materials, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets.

23)   ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION:

Introduction, The Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Magnetic Flux, Faradays Law of Induction, Lenzs Law and Conservation of Energy, Motional Electromotive Force, Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study, Eddy Currents, Inductance, AC Generator.

24) ALTERNATING CURRENT: Introduction, AC  Voltage Applied to a Resistor,

Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors — Phasors, AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor, AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor, AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit, Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor, LC Oscillations, Transformers.

25) ELECTROMAGNETIC   WAVES:  Introduction, Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum.

26) DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER: Introduction, Electron Emission,Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave, Theory of Light, Einsteins Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon, Wave Nature of Matter,  Davisson and Germer Experiment.

27) ATOMS:  Introduction, Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherfords Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, DE Broglies Explanation of Bohrs Second Postulate of Quantisation.

28) NUCLEI: Introduction, Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Size of the Nucleus, Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Radioactivity, Nuclear Energy.

29) SEMICONDUCTOR   ELECTRONICS:   MATERIALS,   DEVICES   AND   SIMPLE CIRCUITS: Introduction, Classification of Materials: Metals, Semiconductors and Insulators, Intrinsic Semiconductor,   Extrinsic Semiconductor,   p-n Junction,   Semiconductor diode, Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes, Junction Transistor, Digital Electronics and Logic Gates, Integrated Circuits.

30) COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS:

Introduction, Elements of a Communication System, Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems, Bandwidth of Signals, Bandwidth of Transmission Medium, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, Modulation and its Necessity, Amplitude Modulation, Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave, Detection of Amplitude Modulated Wave.

### TS EAMCET CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS 2024

1) ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Introduction; Sub- atomic particles; Atomic models – Thomsons Model; Rutherfords Nuclear model of atom, Drawbacks; Developments to the Bohrs model of atom; Nature of electromagnetic radiation; Particle nature of electromagnetic radiation- Plancks quantum theory; Bohrs model for Hydrogen atom; Explanation of line spectrum of hydrogen; Limitations of Bohrs model; Quantum mechanical considerations of sub atomic particles; Dual behaviour of matter; Heisenbergs uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical model of an atom. Important features of Quantum mechanical model of atom; Orbitals and quantum numbers; Shapes of atomic orbitals; Energies of orbitals; Filling of orbitals in atoms. Aufbau Principle, Paulis exclusion Principle and Hunds rule of maximum multiplicity; Electronic configurations of atoms; Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals.

2) CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES:

Need to classify elements; Genesis of periodic classification; Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table; Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100; Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table; Electronic configuration and types of elements s,p,d and f blocks; Trends in physical properties: (a) Atomic radius, (b) Ionic radius (c)Variation of size in inner transition elements, (d) Ionization enthalpy, (e) Electron gain enthalpy, (f) Electro negativity; Periodic trends in chemical properties: (a) Valence or Oxidation states, (b) Anomalous properties of second period elements - diagonal relationship; Periodic trends and chemical reactivity.

3) CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE:

Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bonding, Octet rule, Representation of simple molecules, formal charges, limitations of octet rule; Ionic or electrovalent bond - Factors favourable for the formation of ionic compounds- Crystal structure of sodium chloride, Lattice enthalpy; General properties of ionic compounds; Fajans Rules; Bond Parameters - bond length, bond angle, and bond enthalpy, bond order, resonance,Polarity of bonds- dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theories; Predicting the geometry of simple molecules; Valence bond theory-Orbital overlap concept-Directional properties of bonds-overlapping of atomic orbitals strength of sigma and pi bonds-Factors favouring the formation of covalent bonds; Hybridisation- different types of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals- shapes of simple covalent molecules; Coordinate bond -definition with examples; Molecular orbital theory - Formation of molecular orbitals, Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO)-conditions for combination of atomic orbitals -

Energy level diagrams for molecular orbitals-Bonding in some homo nuclear diatomic molecules- H2, He2, Li2, B2, C2, N2 and O2; Hydrogen bonding-cause of formation of hydrogen bond - Types of hydrogen bonds-inter and intra molecular-General properties of hydrogen bonds.

4) STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS: Intermolecular forces; Thermal Energy;

Intermolecular forces Vs Thermal interactions; The Gaseous State; The Gas Laws; Ideal gas equation; Graham’s law of diffusion - Daltons Law of partial pressures; Kinetic molecular theory of gases; Kinetic gas equation of an ideal gas (No derivation) deduction of gas laws from Kinetic gas equation; Distribution of molecular speeds - rms, average and most probable speeds- Kinetic energy of gas molecules; Behaviour of real gases - Deviation from Ideal gas behaviour - Compressibility factor vs Pressure diagrams of real gases; Liquefaction of gases; Liquid State -

Properties of Liquids in terms of Inter molecular interactions - Vapour pressure, Viscosity and Surface tension (Qualitative idea only. No mathematical derivation).

5) STOICHIOMETRY:

Some basic concepts - Properties of matter - uncertainty in Measurement-significant figures, dimensional analysis; Laws of Chemical Combinations - Law of Conservation of Mass, Law of Definite Proportions, Law of Multiple Proportions, Gay

Lussacs Law of Gaseous Volumes, Daltons Atomic Theory, Avogadros Law, Atomic and molecular masses- mole concept and molar mass. Concept of equivalent weight; Percentage composition of compounds and calculations of empirical and molecular formulae of compounds; Stoichiometry and stoichiometric calculations;   Methods of expressing concentrations of solutions-mass percent, mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality; Redox reactions- classical idea of redox reactions, oxidation and reduction reactions-redox reactions in terms of electron transfer; Oxidation number concept;  Types of Redox reactions-combination, decomposition, displacement and disproportionation reactions; Balancing of redox reactions - oxidation number method Half reaction (ion-electron) method; Redox reactions in Titrimetry.

6) THERMODYNAMICS:

Thermodynamic Terms; The system and the surroundings; Types of systems and surroundings; The state of the system; The Internal Energy as a State Function. (a)

Work (b) Heat (c) The general case, the first law of Thermodynamics; Applications; Work; Enthalpy, H- a useful new state function; Extensive and intensive properties; Heat capacity; The relationship between Cpand Cv; Measurement of   U and  H: Calorimetry; Enthalpy change, H of reactions - reaction Enthalpy (a) Standard enthalpy of reactions, (b) Enthalpy changes during transformations, (c) Standard enthalpy of formation, (d) Thermo chemical equations (e) Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies for different types of reactions.(a) Standard

enthalpy of combustion (cH), (b) Enthalpy of atomization (aH), phase transition, sublimation and ionization, (c) Bond Enthalpy (bondH  ), (d) Enthalpy of solution (solH) and dilution;Spontaneity. (a) Is decrease in enthalpy a criterion for spontaneity? (b) Entropy and spontaneity, the second law of thermodynamics, (c) Gibbs Energy and spontaneity; Gibbs Energy change and equilibrium; Absolute entropy and the third law of thermodynamics.

7) CHEMICAL   EQUILIBRIUM   AND   ACIDS-BASES:

Equilibrium in Physical process; Equilibrium in chemical process - Dynamic Equilibrium; Law of chemical Equilibrium - Law of mass   action   and   Equilibrium   constant;   Homogeneous;   Equilibria,   Equilibrium   constant   in gaseous  systems.   Relationship between KP and Kc; Heterogeneous Equilibria; Applications of Equilibrium constant; Relationship between Equilibrium constant K, reaction quotient Q and Gibbs energy G; Factors  affecting Equilibria.-Le-chatlier principle application to industrial synthesis of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide; Ionic Equilibrium in solutions;

Acids, bases and salts- Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis concepts of acids and bases; Ionisation of Acids and Bases -Ionisation constant of water and its ionic product- pH scale-ionisation constants of weak acids-ionisation of weak bases-relation between Ka and Kb -Di and poly basic acids and di and poly acidic Bases-Factors affecting acid strength-Common ion effect in the ionization of acids and bases-Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions; Buffer solutions-designing of buffer solution-Preparation of Acidic buffer; Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts.   Solubility product, Common ion effect on solubility of salts.

8)   HYDROGEN   AND   ITS   COMPOUNDS:

Position   of   hydrogen   in   the   periodic   table;

Dihydrogen-Occurance and Isotopes; Preparation and properties of Dihydrogen; Hydrides: Ionic, covalent, and non-stiochiometric hydrides; Water: Physical properties; structure of water, ice. Chemical properties of water; hard and soft water, Temporary and permanent hardness of water; Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation; Physical properties; structure and chemical properties; storage and uses; Heavy Water; Hydrogen as a fuel.

9) THE s - BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS)

Group 1 Elements : Alkali metals;   Electronic   configurations;  Atomic   and   Ionic   radii; Ionization enthalpy; Hydration enthalpy; Physical properties; Chemical properties; Uses; General characteristics of the compounds of the alkali metals: Oxides; Halides; Salts of oxo Acids; Anomalous properties of Lithium: Differences and similarities with other alkali metals, Diagonal relationship between Lithium and Magnesium; Some important compounds of Sodium: Sodium Carbonate;   Sodium   Chloride;   Sodium   Hydroxide;   Sodium   hydrogen   carbonate;   Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium.

Group   2   Elements:   Alkaline earth elements; Electronic configuration; Ionization enthalpy; Hydration enthalpy; Physical properties, Chemical properties; Uses; General characteristics of compounds   of   the  Alkaline   Earth   Metals:   Oxides,   hydroxides,   halides,   salts   of   oxoacids (Carbonates;   Sulphates   and   Nitrates);   Anomalous   behavior   of   Beryllium;   its   diagonal relationship with Aluminium; Some important compounds of calcium: Preparation and uses of Calcium Oxide; Calcium Hydroxide; Calcium Carbonate; Plaster of Paris; Cement; Biological importance of Calcium and Magnesium.

10) p- BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 13 (BORON FAMILY):

General   introduction   -   Electronic   configuration,  Atomic   radii,   Ionization   enthalpy,   Electro negativity; Physical & Chemical properties; Important trends and anomalous properties of boron; Some important compounds  of boron - Borax, Ortho boric acid,diborane; Uses of boron, aluminium and their compounds.

11) p-BLOCK ELEMENTS - GROUP 14 (CARBON FAMILY):

General introduction - Electronic configuration, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electro negativity;  Physical & Chemical properties; Important trends and anomalous properties  of carbon; Allotropes of carbon; Uses of carbon; Some important compounds of carbon and silicon - carbonmonoxide, carbon dioxide,Silica, silicones, silicates and zeolites.

12) ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY:

Definition of terms: Air, Water and Soil Pollutions; Environmental Pollution; Atmospheric pollution;   Tropospheric   Pollution;   Gaseous  Air   Pollutants   (Oxides   of   Sulphur;   Oxides   of Nitrogen; Hydrocarbons; Oxides of Carbon (CO, CO2). Global warming and Green house effect; Acid rain- Particulate Pollutants- Smog; Stratospheric Pollution: Formation and breakdown of Ozone- Ozone hole- effects of depletion of the Ozone Layer; Water Pollution: Causes of Water

Pollution;   International   standards   for   drinking   water;   Soil   Pollution:   Pesticides,   Industrial Wastes;   Strategies   to   control   environmental   pollution-   waste   Management-   collection   and disposal;   Green   Chemistry:   Green   chemistry   in   day-to-day   life;   Dry   cleaning   of   clothes;Bleaching of paper; Synthesis of chemicals

13)  ORGANIC CHEMISTRY-SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES, TECHNIQUES AND HYDROCARBONS

SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES  General   introduction;   Tetravalency   of   Carbon:   shapes   of   organic   compounds;   Structural representations of organic compounds; Classification of organic compounds; Nomenclature of organic compounds; Isomerism; Fundamental concepts in organic reaction mechanisms; Fission of covalent bond; Nucleophiles and electrophiles; Electron movements in organic reactions; Electron displacement effects in covalent bonds: inductive effect, resonance, resonance effect, electromeric effect, hyperconjugation; Types of Organic reactions; Methods of purification of organic   compounds;   Qualitative   elemental   analysis   of   organic   compounds;   Quantitative elemental analysis of organic compounds.

HYDROCARBONS

Classification of Hydrocarbons;  Alkanes- Nomenclature,   isomerism   (structural   and conformations of ethane only); Preparation of alkanes; Properties - Physical properties and chemical  Reactivity, Substitution reactions - Halogenation(free   radical   mechanism),Combustion,   Controlled   Oxidation,   Isomerisation,  Aromatization,   reaction   with   steam   and Pyrolysis;

Alkenes- Nomenclature, structure of ethene, Isomerism (structural and geometrical); Methods of preparation; Properties- Physical and chemical reactions: Addition of Hydrogen, halogen,   water,   sulphuric   acid,   Hydrogen   halides   (Mechanism-   ionic   and   peroxide   effect, Markovnikovs,   antiMarkovnikovs   or   Kharasch   effect).   Oxidation,   Ozonolysis   and Polymerization;

Alkynes -Nomenclature and isomerism, structure of acetylene. Methods of preparation of acetylene;  Physical properties, Chemical reactions- acidic character of acetylene, addition   reactions-   of   hydrogen,   Halogen,   Hydrogen   halides   and   water.   Polymerization; Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Nomenclature and isomerism, Structure of benzene, Resonance and aromaticity; Preparation of benzene. Physical properties. Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic   substitution.   Electrophilic   substitution   reactions-   Nitration,   Sulphonation Halogenation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation; Directive influence of functional groups in mono substituted benzene, Carcinogenicity and toxicity.

14)  SOLID STATE: General  characteristics  of  solid  state; Amorphous  and crystalline  solids; Classification  of crystalline  solids  based  on different  binding  forces (molecular,  ionic,  metallic  and  covalent solids); Probing the structure of solids: X-ray crystallography; Crystal  lattices  and  unit  cells. Bravais  lattices  primitive  and centred unit cells; Number of atoms in a unit cell  (primitive,

body  centred  and  face  centred  cubic  unit  cell); Close  packed structures: Close packing in one dimension,   in two dimensions and in three dimensions- tetrahedral and octahedral voids- formula of a compound  and  number  of  voids  filled - locating  tetrahedral  and octahedral voids; Packing efficiency in simple cubic, bcc,  hcp and  ccp  lattice; Calculations  involving unit   cell   dimensions-density of the unit cell; Imperfections in solids-types of point defects- stoichiometric      and     non-stoichiometric defects; Electrical properties-conduction of electricity in    metals, semiconductors  and  insulators- band  theory  of  metals; Magnetic properties.

15) SOLUTIONS: Types of solutions; Expressing concentration of solutions - mass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts   per   million,   mole   fraction,   molarity   and   molality; Solubility: Solubility of a solid in a liquid, solubility of a gas in a liquid, Henry’s law; Vapour pressure of liquid solutions: vapour pressure of liquid- liquid solutions. Raoult’s law     as a special case of Henry’s law -vapour pressure of solutions of solids in liquids; Ideal  and  non- ideal  solutions; Colligative  properties  and determination of molar mass-relative lowering of vapour pressure-elevation of boiling point-depression of freezing point-osmosis and osmotic pressure-reverse   osmosis   and   water   purification; Abnormal molar masses-van’t Hoff factor.

16) ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS:

ELECTROCHEMISTRY:

Electrochemical  cells; Galvanic  cells: measurement  of electrode potentials; Nernst equation-equilibrium constant from Nernst equation-   electrochemical cell and Gibbs energy of the cell reaction; Conductance of electrolytic solutions-measurement of the conductivity   of   ionic   solutions-variation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentration-strong   electrolytes    and  weak  electrolytes-applications  of Kohlrausch’s  law; Electrolytic cells  and  electrolysis:  Faraday’s  laws  of  electrolysis-products  of electrolysis; Batteries:     primary   batteries   and     secondary batteries; Fuel   cells; Corrosion   of   metals- Hydrogen economy.

CHEMICAL KINETICS:

Rate of a chemical reaction; Factors influencing rate of a reaction: dependance of rate on concentration- rate expression and rate constant- order of a reaction, molecularity of a reaction; Integrated   rate   equations-zero   order   reactions-first   order  reactions- half life of a reaction; Pseudo first order   reaction; Temperature dependence of the rate of a reaction -effect of catalyst; Collision theory of chemical reaction rates.

17)   SURFACE CHEMISTRY:

Adsorption and absorption: Distinction between adsorptionand absorption-mechanism of adsorption-types  of adsorption-characteristics of physisorption-characteristics of chemisorptions-adsorption isotherms-adsorption from solution phase-applications of adsorption; Catalysis: Catalysts, promoters and poisons-auto catalysis homogeneous   and   heterogeneous   catalysis-adsorption theory of heterogeneous   catalysis-important   features   of   solid   catalysts:   (a)activity  (b)selectivity:   shape-selective   catalysis   by zeolites-enzyme   catalysis-characteristics   and   mechanism-   catalysts   in   industry;   Colloids;

Classification   of   colloids:   Classification   based   on   physical   state   of   dispersed   phase   and dispersion medium- classification based on nature of interaction between dispersed phase and dispersion medium- classification based on type of particles of the dispersed phase- multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids- cleansing  action  of  soaps-preparation  of colloids-purification of   colloidal solutions- properties of colloidal solutions: Tyndal effect, colour, Brownian movement-charge on colloidal particles, electrophoresis; Emulsions; Colloids around us- applications of colloids.

18) GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY:

Occurrence of metals; Concentration of ores-levigation, magnetic  separation, froth floatation, leaching; Extraction   of   crude   metal from concentrated ore-conversion to oxide, reduction  of  oxide  to  the  metal; Thermodynamic

principles of metallurgy – Ellingham diagram-limitations-applications-extraction of aluminium, iron, copper and   zinc from their oxides; Electrochemical principles of metallurgy; Oxidation and reduction; Refining of crude metal-distillation, liquation, poling, electrolysis, zone  refining and  vapour  phase refining; Uses of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

19) p-BLOCK ELEMENTS:

GROUP-15   ELEMENTS   : Occurrence-electronic configuration,atomic and ionic   radii, ionisation  enthalpy,   electronegativity,       physical      and      chemical  properties;  Dinitrogen-preparation, properties and uses; Compounds of nitrogen-preparation and properties of ammonia; Oxides of nitrogen; Preparation and properties of nitric acid;  Phosphorous-allotropic   forms; Phosphine-preparation   and   properties; Phosphorous   halides; Oxoacids of phosphorous

GROUP-16   ELEMENTS:   Occurrence-   electronic   configuration,   atomic   and   ionic   radii,ionisation enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical      and chemical properties;  Dioxygen-preparation,  properties  and  uses; Simple  oxides; Ozone-preparation,properties,   structure   and   uses; Sulphur-allotropic forms; Sulphur  dioxide-preparation, properties  and  uses; Oxoacids  of  sulphur; Sulphuric acid-industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses.

GROUP-17   ELEMENTS:   Occurrence,   electronic   configuration,   atomic   and   ionic   radii, ionisation     enthalpy,     electron     gain     enthalpy,     electronegativity,   physical   and   chemical properties;   Chlorine-   preparation,   properties     and     uses;   Hydrogen     chloride-   preparation, properties and uses; Oxoacids of   halogens; Interhalogen compounds.

GROUP-18 ELEMENTS : Occurrence,       electronic       configuration,       ionization enthalpy, atomic  radii,  electron  gain  enthalpy,  physical  and chemical  properties of (a)  Xenon-fluorine compounds- XeF2,XeF4 and  XeF6 -preparation, hydrolysis  and  formation  of  fluoro anions-structures  of  XeF2,   XeF4 and  XeF6

(b)  Xenon-oxygen compounds XeO3 and XeOF4 - their formation and structures.

20) d  AND  f  BLOCK  ELEMENTS  & COORDINATION COMPOUNDS:

d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS :

Position in the periodic table; Electronic configuration of the d- block elements; General properties of the transition elements (d-block) -physical properties, variation in atomic and ionic sizes of   transition series,   ionisation enthalpies, oxidation states, trends  in  the  M²+/M  and  M³+/M²+  standard  electrode potentials, trends in stability of higher oxidation states, chemical reactivity and Eθ values,  magnetic  properties,  formation  of coloured ions, formation of complex compounds, catalytic properties, formation of interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Some important compounds of transition elements- oxides and oxoanions of metals-preparation and properties of potassium dichromate and potassium permanganate-structures of chromate, dichromate, manganate and permanganate ions;

Inner transition elements(f-block)-lanthanoids- electronic configuration-atomic and ionic sizes- oxidation  states- general characteristics;  Actinoids-electronic configuration atomic and ionic sizes, oxidation states, general characteristics and comparison with lanthanoids; Some applications of d and f block elements.

COORDINATION COMPOUNDS: Werners theory of coordination compounds; Definitions of some terms used in coordination compounds; Nomenclature of coordination compounds-IUPAC nomenclature; Isomerism in coordination compounds- (a) Stereo isomerism-Geometrical and  optical  isomerism (b)Structural  isomerism-linkage,  coordination,  ionisation  and  hydrate isomerism; Bonding in coordination compounds.  (a)Valence bond theory - magnetic  properties of  coordination  compounds-limitations  of valence bond theory  (b)    Crystal field theory (i)

Crystal   field   splitting       in   octahedral   and   tetrahedral   coordination   entities   (ii)   Colour   in coordination   compounds-limitations   of   crystal     field   theory;   Bonding   in   metal   carbonyls; Stability     of   coordination     compounds;   Importance     and     applications     of   coordination compounds.

21) POLYMERS:

Introduction; Classification   of   Polymers-Classification  based     on source, structure, mode of polymerization, molecular forces and  growth polymerization; Types of polymerization reactions-addition  polymerization  or  chain  growth  polymerization-ionic polymerization, free  radical  mechanism-preparation  of  addition polymers-polythene, teflon and     polyacrylonitrile-condensation polymerization     or     step     growth     polymerization- polyamides-preparation  of  Nylon 6,6  and  nylon 6 -poly  esters-terylene, bakelite, melamine- formaldehyde       polymers; copolymerization-Rubber-natural rubber-vulcanisation of rubber- Synthetic rubbers-preparation  of  neoprene  and  buna-N; Molecular  mass  of  polymers-number average  and  weight     average  molecular masses- poly dispersity index(PDI); Biodegradable polymers-PHBV,   Nylon   2-nylon   6;   Polymers   of   commercial   importance-polypropene, polystyrene,  polyvinylchloride(PVC),   urea-formaldehyde   resin,   glyptal   andbakelite   -   their monomers, structures   and uses.

22) BIOMOLECULES:

Carbohydrates-Classification   of   carbohydrates- Monosaccharides: preparation  of glucose  from  sucrose  and starch- Properties and structure of glucose- D,L and (+),  (-) configurations of glucose- Structure of  fructose;  Disaccharides: Sucrose-  preparation, structure; Invert  sugar-  Structures  of maltose   and   lactose-Polysaccharides:   Structures   of starch,   cellulose     and     glycogen-   Importance     of     carbohydrates;  Aminoacids: Natural aminoacids-classification  of  aminoacids - structures and D and L forms-Zwitter ions; Proteins: Structures, classification, fibrous and globular- primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins- Denaturation of proteins; Enzymes: Enzymes, mechanism  of  enzyme action;  Vitamins: Explanation,   names,   classification   of   vitamins   -   sources   of     vitamins- deficiency  diseases    of  different  types  of  vitamins; Nucleic  acids: chemical composition of nucleic acids, structures   of   nucleic   acids,   DNA   finger   printing, biological functions   of nucleic  acids;  Hormones: Definition, different types of hormones, their production, biological activity, diseases due to their abnormal activities.

23) CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE:

Drugs and their classification: (a) Classification of drugs on the basis of pharmocological   effect (b) Classification of drugs on the basis of drug action (c) Classification of drugs on the basis of chemical  structure  (d)  Classification  of  drugs on  the  basis  of molecular targets; Drug-Target interaction-Enzymes as drug targets (a) Catalytic action of enzymes (b) Drug-enzyme interaction,receptors as drug targets; Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs: antacids, antihistamines, neurologically active drugs: tranquilizers, analgesics-non-narcotic,   narcotic   analgesics,   antimicrobials-antibiotics,   antiseptics   and disinfectants-   antifertility     drugs;   Chemicals     in     food-artificial   sweetening   agents,   food preservatives, antioxidants in food; Cleansing agents-soaps and synthetic detergents – types and examples.

24) HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES:

Classification and nomenclature; Nature of   C-X bond; Methods   of   preparation:   Alkyl   halides   and   aryl   halides-from alcohols, from hydrocarbons   (a)   by   free   radical   halogenation   (b)   by   electrophilic     substitution   (c)     by replacement   of diazonium       group(Sandmeyer reaction)   (d) by the addition of hydrogen halides   and   halogens   to   alkenes-by   halogen exchange(Finkelstein reaction); Physical properties-melting and boiling points, density and solubility; Chemical reactions: Reactions of haloalkanes  (i)Nucleophilic substitution reactions (a) SN² mechanism (b) SN¹  mechanism (c) stereochemical   aspects   of   nucleophilic   substitution   reactions-optical   activity   (ii)   Elimination  reactions (iii)  Reaction  with  metals-Reactions  of haloarenes:(i) Nucleophilic    substitution (ii)Electrophilic substitution   and (iii) Reaction   with   metals; Polyhalogen compounds:     Uses     and     environmental     effects     of     dichloro methane,trichloromethane, triiodomethane, tetrachloro methane, freons and DDT

25) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C, H AND O (Alcohols,    Phenols,    Ethers,

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids): ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS Alcohols,phenols and ethers -classification; Nomenclature: (a)Alcohols, (b)phenols and (c) ethers; Structures  of  hydroxy  and  ether  functional  groups; Methods  of  preparation: Alcohols from   alkenes   and   carbonyl   compounds   (reduction   and   reaction   with   Grignard reagents); Phenols from haloarenes, benzene sulphonic acid, diazonium salts, cumene; Physical propertics of alcohols and phenols;  Chemical  reactions  of  alcohols  and  phenols (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond-Acidity of alcohols and phenols, esterification  (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of C-O bond-  reactions  with  HX,  PX3, dehydration  and  oxidation  (iii) Reactions of phenols- electrophilic aromatic substitution, Kolbe’s reaction,  Reimer  -  Tiemann reaction,     reaction     with   zinc     dust,   oxidation;   Commercially   important   alcohols (methanol,ethanol);   Ethers-Methods     of     preparation: By dehydration of alcohols, Williamson synthesis- Physical properties-Chemical  reactions:  Cleavage  of  C-O  bond  and electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers.

ALDEHYDES AND KETONES

Nomenclature   and   structure   of   carbonyl   group; Preparation of aldehydes and  ketones-(1) by oxidation of alcohols (2)   by   dehydrogenation   of   alcohols (3)   from hydrocarbons -Preparation   of   aldehydes   (1)   from   acyl   chlorides   (2)   from   nitriles   and   esters(3)   from hydrocarbons-Preparation of  ketones(1) from acyl chlorides (2)from nitriles (3)from benzene or substituted benzenes;   Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones; Chemical reactions of aldehydes   and   ketones-nucleophilic   addition,   reduction,   oxidation,   reactions   due   to   alpha Hydrogen and other reactions  (Cannizzaroreaction,electrophilic substitution reaction); Uses of aldehydes   and ketones.

CARBOXYLIC ACIDS

Nomenclature  and  structure  of  carboxylgroup; Methods  of  preparation  of  carboxylic  acids (1)from  primary alcohols  and  aldehydes  (2)  from  alkylbenzenes(3)from  nitriles  and amides

(4)from Grignard reagents (5) from acyl halides and anhydrides (6)   from   esters; Physical properties; Chemical reactions: (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond-acidity, reactions with metals and alkalies (ii) Reactions involving   cleavage   of   C-OH   bond-formation   of anhydride, reactions with PCl5, PCl3, SOCl2, esterification and reaction with ammonia (iii) Reactions   involving-COOH  group-reduction, decarboxylation  (iv)  Substitution  reactions  in the  hydrocarbon part -  halogenation  and  ring     substitution; Uses  of carboxylic acids.

26) ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN:

AMINES

Structure of amines; Classification; Nomenclature; Preparation  of  amines: reduction  of  nitro compounds, ammonolysis of alkyl halides, reduction of nitriles, reduction of amides, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Hoffmann bromamide degradation     reaction; Physical properties; Chemical reactions: basic character of amines, alkylation, acylation, carbyl amine   reaction, reaction  with  nitrous  acid,  reaction  with  aryl sulphonyl chloride, electrophilic substitution of aromatic amines-bromination, nitration and sulphonation.

DIAZONIUM SALTS

Methods of preparation of diazonium salts (by diazotization) Physical   properties;   Chemical   reactions:   Reactions   involving   displacement   of   Nitrogen; Sandmeyer   reaction,   Gatterman   reaction,   replacement   by   i)   iodiode   and   fluoride   ions   ii) hydrogen, hydroxyl and Nitro groups; reactions involving retention of diazo group; coupling reactions; Importance of diazonium salts in synthesis of aromatic compounds.

CYANIDES AND ISOCYANIDES

Structure and nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides; Preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions of cyanides and isocyanides.

## FAQs related to TS EAMCET Exam Syllabus 2024:

1. Q: What is the syllabus for the Engineering stream in TS EAMCET?
• A: The syllabus for the Engineering stream in TS EAMCET includes topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. It covers concepts and chapters taught in the Intermediate or 10+2 level.

1. Q: What are the key topics covered in the Physics section of TS EAMCET syllabus?
• A: The Physics section of TS EAMCET syllabus covers topics such as:
• Units and measurements
• Laws of motion
• Work, energy, and power
• Thermodynamics
• Motion of systems of particles and rigid body dynamics
• Oscillations and waves
• Electrostatics
• Current electricity
• Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
• Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
• Optics
• Dual nature of radiation and matter
• Atoms and nuclei
• Electronic devices
• Communication systems

1. Q: What are the important topics included in the Chemistry section of TS EAMCET syllabus?
• A: The Chemistry section of TS EAMCET syllabus covers topics such as:
• Atomic structure
• Chemical bonding and molecular structure
• States of matter: gases and liquids
• Stoichiometry
• Thermodynamics
• Chemical equilibrium and acids-bases
• Hydrogen and its compounds
• The s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
• The p-block elements
• Organic chemistry: Some basic principles and techniques
• Hydrocarbons
• Environmental chemistry
• Solid-state
• Solutions
• Electrochemistry
• Chemical kinetics
• Surface chemistry
• General principles of metallurgy

1. Q: What topics are covered in the Mathematics section of TS EAMCET syllabus?
• A: The Mathematics section of TS EAMCET syllabus includes topics such as:
• Algebra
• Trigonometry
• Vector algebra
• Probability
• Coordinate geometry
• Calculus

1. Q: Is the syllabus the same for the Agriculture and Medical streams in TS EAMCET?
• A: No, the syllabus for the Agriculture and Medical streams may differ from the Engineering stream. It includes topics related to biology, botany, zoology, agriculture, and pharmacy.

1. Q: Where can I find the detailed syllabus for TS EAMCET?
• A: The detailed syllabus for TS EAMCET is available on the official website of the exam conducting authority. Candidates can download the syllabus PDF from the website for reference.
#Note: The information provided above is just an indicative information of what is provided, and available. We make no such claim about the accuracy and reliability of this information. For more accurate/current information, please visit or contact the concerned institute/college/authorities.