Directive Principles of State Policy

  • Part IV of the constitution (Article 36-51) provides the directive principles of state policy.


  • They are not enforceable in the court of law.


  • They are fundamental in the governance of the country.


  • It shall be the duty of the state of applies these principles in making laws.


  • These principles are directed towards the ideals of making a true welfare state.


  • Some of the important Directive Principles are as follows:


    1. Minimisation of the inequalities in income statues, facilities and opportunities – Article 39(e)


    1. Equal right to men and women to an adequate means of livelihood – Article 39(a)


    1. Equal pay for equal work for both men and women – Article 39(d)


    1. Protection to the health and strength of the workers, men  & women and the children of tender age – Article 39 (e)


    1. Protection against exploitation to children and the young – Article 39 (b)


    1. Equal justice and free legal aid – Article 39 (A).


    1. Organisation of village Panchayat – Article 40.


    1. Public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness etc. – Article 41.


    1. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief – Article 42.


    1. Development of cottage industries – Article 43.


    1. Participation of workers in management of industries – Article 43(A)


    1. Uniform civil code for citizens – Article 44.


    1. Free and compulsory education for children – Article 45


    1. Promotion of educational and economic interest of SCs, STs and other weaker sections – Article 46.


    1. Protection and improvement of environment, forests & wild life – Article 46.


    1. Protection of national monuments – Article 49.


    1. Separation of judiciary from executive – Article 50.