Prime Minister and Council of Ministers





Appointed by the President (the leader of the party in majority in the Lok Sabha).


Eligibility Condition


  • Must be qualified for the election as a member of the Lok Sabha.
  • Must be of 25 years.
  • Cannot hold any other office of the profit.




  • Five years with the term of Lok Sabha.




  • Leader of the Lok Sabha.
  • Power of selecting the other Ministers and also advising the President to dismiss any of them individually, or require any of them to resign.
  • The allocation of portfolios amongst the Ministers and transfer a Minister from one Department to another. 
  • He is the chairman of the Cabinet, summons its meeting and presides over them.
  • He is in charge of coordinating the policy of the Government and has, accordingly, a right of supervision over all the departments.
  • Resignation of other ministers merely creates a vacancy, the resignation or death of Prime Minister dissolves the Cabinet.




  • To communicate to the President of all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the union and proposals for legislation. 
  • To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation as the President may call for.
  • If the President so requires, to submit for the consideration of decision taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council.





  • The post of Deputy prime Minister is not known to the Constitution, although seven persons have occupied this post since the inauguration of the Constitution. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister in Nehru’s Ministry.
  • The Deputy prime Minister occupies position next to the Prime Minister.
  • He assists the Prime Minister and discharges his duties when he is not available.




  • Appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  • Allocation of portfolios amongst them is made by the President.
  • The number of members of the Council of Ministers is not specified in the Constitution, determined according to the exigencies of the time. 
  • Hold offices during the pleasure of the President.
  • Collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha but individually to the President.
  • They are classified under three ranks but this classification does not find any mention in he constitution.
    1. Cabinet Ministers.
    2. Minister of States.
    3. Deputy Minister.


  • A Minister who is a member of one House has a right to speak in and to take part in the proceedings of the other House though he has no right to vote in the House of which he is not a member (Art- 88)
  • There is no bar to the appointment of person from outside the legislature as Minister. But he cannot continue as Minister for more than 6 months. 
  • In practice, the Council of Ministers seldom meets as a body.
  • It is the Cabinet, as inner body within the council, which shapes the policy of the

Government. Ministers of States & Deputy Ministers are not members of the Cabinet.