Some Important Functionaries
The Attorney General
- Appointed by the President.
- Hold office at the pleasure of the President.
- Must be qualified to become a judge of the Supreme Court.
- Gives advice to the Union Government on legal matters referred to him by the President.
- Represents the Government of India in all the courts within the territory of India.
- Has right to speak and participate in the proceedings of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha without a right to vote.
The Chief Election Commissioner
- Appointed by the President.
- Normally he holds office for five year which can be extended by 1 year at a time but he cannot continue in office beyond 58 years of age.
- He may be removed on similar grounds as provided for the judges of the Supreme Court.
- The Chief Election Commission gets such salaries and allowances as determined by the President from time to time but it can’t be changed to disadvantage during his tenure.
- He is head of the Election Commission and associated with all the functions what the Election Commission performs.
- Some of the important functions are as follows:
- To prepare electoral rolls.
- To supervise machinery for elections so that it may be held in free and fair manner.
- To appoint election tribunals to settle doubts and disputes in connection with elections.
- To give recognition to a political party and allot symbols.
- To issue a code of conduct to be observed all parties and peoples at the time of election.
- To advise The President or The Governor on a matter relating to a disqualification of legislator.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
- The CAG controls the entire financial system of the country- both at the Union as well as State levels.
- The CAG is appointed by the President and the term of his office shall be 6 years from the date on which he assumed office.
- He shall vacate his office on attainment of the age of 65 years or on the Completion of the 6 year term, whichever is earlier.
- He may resign his office by writing under his hand, addressed to the President.
- The CAG can be removed only on an address from both Houses of Parliament on the ground of proved misbehaviors or incapacity. The procedure of CAG’s removal is the same as that of a Supreme Court/High Court Judge.
- His salary is equal to that of a judge of the Supreme Court i.e.-Rs.90,000 per mensem. The salaries etc, of the CAG and his staff shall be charged upon the consolidated fund of India and shall be thus non-vote able. The CAG shall be disqualified for any further Government office after retirement.
The duties and power of the CAG are as follows:
- To audit and report on all expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India and of State/Union territory having a legislative assembly as whether such expenditure has been in accordance with law.
- To audit and report on all expenditure from the contingency funds and Public Accounts of the Union and of the State.
- To audit and report on receipts and expenditure of all bodies/authorities substantially financed from Union/State revenues as well as Government Companies and Cooperation.
- The CAG in India only audits the expenses and has no control over issue of the money a function which is covered by the expression comptroller. Therefore the prefix ‘Comptroller’ is a misnomer in Indian context.