Fundamental Duties

  • The Fundamental Duties are ten in number [Art-51 A (Part IV A)], which has been inserted by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. These duties are not justiciable.


  • It shall be the duty of every citizen of India.


    1. to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;


    1. to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;


    1. to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;


    1. to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;


    1. to  promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood  amongst all  the  people  of  India  transcending  religious,  linguistic  and regional  or sectional diversities;  to renounce practices  derogatory to the dignity of women;


    1. to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;


    1. to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes,  rivers  and  wild  life, and to  have  compassion  for  living creatures;


    1. to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;


    1. to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;


    1. to  strive  towards excellence in all spheres of  individual  and collective  activity  so  that the nation constantly rises  to  higher levels of endeavor and achievement.]