- The Indian Citizenship Act passed in 1955 laid down the law for acquisition and termination of citizenship.
- Parliament could regulate the right of citizenship law under Article 11.
- Article5-8 confers citizenship on ‘every person’ who was covered on the following categories at the time of the time of the commencement of the constitution.
- Domiciled in India and born in India.
- Domiciled, not born in India but either of whose parents was born in India. iii. Domiciled, not born in India but ordinarily resident for more than five years.
- Resident of India but migrated to Pakistan after 1 March 1947 and later return to
- India on resettlement permit. (Art–7)
- Resident in Pakistan but who migrated to India before 19 July 1948 or who came after that date but had resided in India for more than six months and got registered in the prescribed manner. (Art–6)
- Resident of outside India, but who or either of whose parents or grandparents were born in India. (Art–8)
- The citizenship act, 1955, also laid down how the citizenship of India may be lost. It may happen in any of the three ways:-
- Renunciation: - It is voluntary act which a person holding the citizenship of India as well as that of another country may adjure one of them.
- Termination: - It shall take place by operation of law as soon as a citizen of India voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country.
- Deprivation: - It is compulsory termination of the termination of the citizenship of India, by an order of the government of India, if it is satisfied as to the happening of certain contingencies, e.g. that Indian citizenship had been acquired by a person fraud, or that he has shown himself to be disloyal or disaffected towards the constitution of India.
- Dual Citizenship for People of Indian Origin (PIOs): In December 2003 a new law was passed which permits the people of Indian origin in 16 (Further more countries are added) viz. Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Cyprus, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and US, to have dual Citizenship status.
- This will enable them to participate in the economic activities and acquire real states.
However, they are not permitted to cast their votes or get elected to the legislature or occupy any constitutional office.