Current Electricity

Current Electricity

Current electricity is defined as the flow of electrons from one section of the circuit to another.

Current Electricity vs Static Electricity

In this section, we will look into the difference between current electricity and static electricity:

What Is Static Electricity?

Static electricity refers to the electric charges that build up on the surface of materials or substances. These charges remain static until they are grounded, or discharged. This type of electricity is formed due to fiction. Basically, the phenomenon of static electricity arises when the positive and negative charges are separated.

Now let us look at the various differences between static electricity and current electricity.

Current Electricity

Static Electricity

The electricity due to the flow of electrons is known as current electricity.

The electricity built on the surface of a substance is known as static electricity.

Current electricity is generated by power plants and batteries.

Static electricity is generated when objects are rubbed against each other resulting in charge transfer.

Current electricity is controlled.

Static electricity is uncontrolled.

The electricity that is used to power up electronic devices is an example of current electricity.

The shock experienced while touching a doorknob is an example of static electricity.

Generation of Current Electricity

Current electricity can be generated by the following methods:

  • By moving a metal wire through a magnetic field (Both alternating current and direct current can be generated by the following method)
  • By a battery through chemical reactions (Direct current can be generated through this method)