Weather and Climate

  • WEATHER AND CLIMATE
  • Weather: Weather is the name given to the atmospheric condition, e.g., temperature, rainfall, winds humidity, sun shine and cloudiness of a particular place on a particular day.
  • Climate: Climate on the land is the average condition of weather obtaining in a country or a place for a considerably long period.
  • Factors Determining the Climate of a Place
  1. Distance from the equator (2) High above sea level (3) Distance from the sea (4) Direction of winds (5) Mountains (6) Ocean currents (7) Slope of land (8) Nature of the soil (9) Forests.
  • Conditions of Rainfall
  • (1) These should be moisture-laden air (2) There should be some means by which air is cooled and condensation takes place.
  • NATURAL REGIONS OF THE WORLD
  • (i) Equatorial region (ii) The Monsoon region (iii) Hot grassland region (Savana) (iv) Hot desert region (v) Mediterranean region (vi) Stepper region (vii) West European type region (viii) China type region (ix) St. Lawrence type region (x) Taiga region (xi) Tundra region.