Modern Indian History (Part-2)

Modern Indian History

 INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

1885

 

-

 

(Dec.) Foundation of Indian National Congress

1889

 

-

 

Foundation of British Committee of the Indian National

Congress at London

1890

 

-

 

Publication of India from the Platform of British Committee of

National Congress

1892

 

-

 

Indian Council Act was passed

1893

 

-

 

Inauguration of the Ganapati Festival by Tilak

1895

-

a.

Inauguration of the Shivaji Festival by Tilak

 

 

 

b.

Establishment of the “Deccan Sabha” by Gokhale

1897

 

-

 

Imprisonment of Tilak for 18 months on ground of Treason

1905

-

a.

(July) Announcement of revised scheme of partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon

 

 

 

b.

(Oct) Partition of Bengal came into force

1906

-

a.

(Dec) Foundation of Indian Muslim League at Dhaka

 

 

 

b.

Dadabhai Naroji declared the Swarajya as the goal of Congress

1907

-

a.

Congress split in Surat

 

 

 

b.

First Open Annual Session of the Muslim League at Karachi

1908

 

-

 

Imprisonment of Tilak for 6 years – sent to Mandley Jail

1909

 

-

 

Indian Council Act or Morley Minto Reforms passed

1911

-

a.

Coronation of Delhi Durbar-Advent of George V

 

 

b.

Partition of Bengal revoked

 

 

 

c.

Announcement of transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi

1912

-

a.

(Dec) Bomb thrown on Lord Harding on his state entry into

Delhi

 

 

b.

Transfer of capital to Delhi

 

 

c.

Constitution of a separate province of Bihar & Orissa

1915

-

a.

Gandhi returned to India from South Africa

 

 

b.

Foundation of Sabarmati Ashram by Gandhi at Ahmadabad

 

 

 

1916

-

a.

(April) Foundation of Home Rule league by Tilak

 

 

b.

(Sept) Foundation of Home Rule league by Annie Besant

 

 

c.

Foundation of Banaras Hindu University by Pt. Madan Mohan

Malviya

 

 

d.

Unity between Moderates and extremists

 

 

e.

Lucknow Pact in which an agreement was made between

Congress & Muslim League

 

 

 

f.

Foundation of Women’s University at Poona

1917

-

a.

(April) Champaran Satyagrah by Gandhi

 

 

b.

(20 Aug) the congress and the Muslim League dropped the programme of passive resistance

 

 

c.

Annie Besant dropped the Home Rule Movement

 

 

 

d.

Formation of Rowlett Committee

1916

-

a.

(March) Organisation of first All-India Depressed Classes

Conference

 

 

b.

Khaira Satyagrah by Gandhi

 

 

 

c.

Ahmedabad Satyagrah by Gandhi

1919

-

a.

(Feb) Foundation of Satyagrah Sabha by Gandhi against the of

Rowlett Bill 

 

 

b.

(6th April) Beginning of Rowlett Satyagrah

 

 

c.

(13th April) Jalianwalla Bagh massacre

 

 

d.

(15th April) Martial law in Punjab

 

 

e.

(Oct) Appointment of the Hunter Committee for the investigation of Punjab wrings

 

 

f.

(Nov) Foundation of All India Khailafat Committee

 

 

g.

(Dec) Montague-Chelmsford Reforms or the Govt. of India Act was passed

 

 

h.

Gandhi elected as the President of All–India khilafat

Committee at Delhi

 

 

 

i.

Formation of National Liberation Federation

1920

-

a.

(June) Passing of Non-cooperation proposal by Khilafat committee in Allahabad

 

 

b.

(1 August) Launching of non-cooperation Movement by the

Congress

 

 

c.

(Dec) Approval and ratification of the policy of non-violent non-cooperation by the congress in the Nagpur session

 

 

d.

(Aug) Moplahs rebellion in Malabar Coast

 

 

 

e.

Foundation of Chamber of Princess

1921

-

a.

(3 Jan) The inauguration of the new constitution according to the Government of India Act 1919

 

 

 

b.

(1 Feb) Gandhi decided to embark on Mass Civil Disobedience at Bardoli

 

 

 

c.

(July) Passing a resolution by All India Khilafat Committee prohibited Muslim to serve British Indian Army

 

 

 

d.

(Aug) Moplahs rebellion in Malabar Coast 

 

 

 

 

e.

Foundation of Chamber of Princess

 

1922

-

a.

(Feb) Announcement of starting of mass civil disobedience by

Gandhi

 

 

 

b.

(Feb) Chauri Choura incident and suspension of the Noncooperation Movement

 

 

 

c.

Opposition of Congress Programme in Gaya Session

 

 

 

d.

(May) Vishva Bharti University started by Rabindranath Tagore

 

 

 

e.

(Dec) Foundation of Swaraj Party

 

 

 

 

f.

Liberty given to the people of Native state to become a member of Congress

 

1923

 

-

 

Compromise between Swarajijsts and the No-Changers in the congress in the special session of the Congress in Delhi

 

1925

-

a.

Foundation of the Communist Party by M.N Roy

 

 

 

b.

Foundation of Hindustan Association by Chandra Shekhar Azad

 

 

 

 

c.

Vithalbhai Patel elected as the President in Centre Legislature

 

1926

-

a.

First All India Non-Brahmin Conference held at Belgaum under the President ship of Ramaswamy

 

 

 

 

b.

Announcement of four-point programme for co-operation with the congress by Md. Ali Jinnah in the Nagpur session of Muslim league

 

1927

-

a.

(Nov) Appointment of the Simon Commission (the statutory commission)

 

 

 

b.

(Dec) Passing of “Delhi Proposals” by Muslim leaders

 

 

 

c.

Boycott of Simon Commission of Madras session of congress

 

 

 

 

d.

Foundation of Ali India Praja Conference First session under the President ship of Diwan Bahadur M. Ramachandra

 

1928

-

a.

(Feb) Arrival of Simon Commission in Bombay

 

 

 

b.

(Feb) All Party conference in Delhi and Demand of Dominion

Status

 

 

 

c.

Formation of eight members committee for framing of

Constitution under Motilal Nehru

 

 

 

d.

(Aug) Presentation of Nehru Report

 

 

 

e.

Assault on Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab during the Boycott of the

Simon Commission

 

 

 

 

f.

(Nov) Foundation of Independence League by Subhash and

Nehru

 

 

 

g.

Appointment of Butler Committee

 

 

 

h.

Baradoli Satyagraha under the leader of Vallavbhai Patel on the issue of increase of revenue attempted by Government 

 

 

 

i.

(Dec) Demand given by Jinnah in All India party conference in Calcutta for the development of Muslim majority areas and reservation for Muslims

 

 

 

 

j.

(Dec) Warning given to the Government in Calcutta session of

Congress that if Government did not accept Nehru Report till

3rd Dec. 1929, Congress would begin Civil Disobedience

Movement

 

1929

-

a.

(Jan) Announcement of 14-points demands by Jinnah in the

Muslim League meeting at Delhi

 

 

 

b.

(April) Dropping of bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt

 

 

 

c.

(18 Aug) Observation of “Political Sufferers Day” by the All

India Congress committee

 

 

 

d.

(31 Oct.) Announcement the goal of British policy in India that is granting of the Dominion status by Lord lrwin

 

 

 

e.

(Dec) Passing the resolution for the Purna Swarajya (complete independence) by the Indian National Congress in Lahore session under the President ship of Jawaharlal Nehru

 

 

 

i.

(31 Dec) Dropping of Nehru Report

 

 

 

g.

Report of Butler Committee

 

 

 

 

h.

Hoisting of tricolor flag for the first time on 31 Dec

 

1930

-

a.

(26 Jan) The congress observed Indian Independence Day

 

 

 

b.

(14 Feb) Passing of the Civil Disobedience resolution by the working committee of the congress

 

 

 

c.

(2 March) Eleven points demands of Gandhi given to lrwin

 

 

 

d.

(12 March) Launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement with the famous Dandi March for Salt Satyagraha

 

 

 

e.

(5 April) Violation of Salt Commission Report

 

 

 

f.

(May) Publication of Simon Commission Report

 

 

 

 

g.

(Nov) The first Round Table Conference in London without the participation of the Congress

 

1931

-

a.

(5th March) Gandhi & lrwin pact

 

 

 

b.

Suspension of Civil Disobedience Movement by Gandhi

 

 

 

c.

Gandhi took part in the Second Round Table Conference as the sole representative of the Congress

 

 

 

d.

Execution of Bhagat Singh Sukhdeo and Rajguru

 

 

 

e.

(Sept) Second Round Table Conference 

                 

 

 

1932

-

a.

(Jan) Beginning of Second phase of the Civil Disobedience

Movement

 

 

b.

(Aug) Announcement of “Communal Award” by the British

Prime Minister Ramsay Mac Donald

 

 

c.

(Sept) Gandhi began fast to protest against Award

 

 

d.

(Sept) Poona Pact between Gandhi and Ambedkar and other scheduled castes representatives

 

 

 

e.

(Nov) Third Round Table Conference without the participation of the Congress ends without any settlement

1933

-

a.

White paper on constitutional development

 

 

b.

(May) Suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement by the

Congress

 

 

 

c.

(Aug) Beginning of individual Civil Disobedience 

1934

-

a.

(May) Withdrawal of Civil Disobedience Movement

 

 

b.

Beginning of Harijan Work by Gandhi

 

 

c.

(17 May) Foundation of Congress Socialist Party by Acharya

Narendra Dev and Jai Prakash Narain first meeting in Patna

 

 

 

d.

(21-22 Oct) First open session of Congress Socialist Party in

Bombay under the President ship of Sampooma Nand

1935

 

-

 

(Aug) The government of India Act was passed

1936

 

-

 

Formation of the first All-India Peasant Organisation, the All

India Kisan Sabha

1937

-

a.

(April) Provincial autonomy according to the Government of

India Act 1935 came into force

 

 

 

b.

Election held, the congress Government formed in 7 provinces,

Federal Court started

1939

-

a.

Formation of the Forward Block by Subhash Chandra Bose

 

 

b.

(3 Sept) World war ll broke out and the viceroy declared India a belligerent country

 

 

c.

Resignation of the Congress Ministries in the province against the war policy

 

 

d.

(22 Dec) Observance of the “Day of Deliverance” from the tyranny of the Congress rule at the instance of Jinnah by the

Muslim League

 

 

 

e.

All Indian Praja Conference under the President ship of

Jawaharlal Nehru

1940

-

a.

(March) Passing of the Pakistan Resolution in the Lahore session by the Muslim League

 

 

b.

(10 Aug) Announcement of “August offer”

 

 

 

 

c.

(Aug 18-22) Rejection of August Offer by the Congress working committee

 

 

 

 

d.

(17 Oct) Launching of individual ‘Satyagrha’ movement by the congress starting with Vinoba Bhave and Jawaharlal Nehru

 

1941

-

a.

Delhi of Rabindranath Tagore

 

 

 

b.

(17 Jan) Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India

 

 

 

 

c.

Suspension of Individual Satyagrah Movement in Bardoli session

 

1942

-

a.

(March) Arrival of Cripps Mission

 

 

 

b.

(April) The congress President, Maulana Azad rejected the

Cripps commission Draft Declaration

 

 

 

c.

(July) The Congress working committee passed the Quit India

Resolution

 

 

 

d.

(8 August) The passing of the Quit India Resolution at the All

India Congress Committee at Bombay

 

 

 

e.

(12 August) Crips left India on the failure of his mission

 

 

 

f.

Beginning of Quit India Movement

 

 

 

 

g.

(1 Sept) Formal Establishment of India National Army (Azad

Hindi Fauj) by Subhash Chandra Bose

 

1943

-

a.

Beginning of Gandhi’s historical 21 days fast (To show faith in non-violence and purification of self)

 

 

 

b.

(Oct 21) Proclamation of S.C. Bose to form the Provincial

Government of Free India

 

 

 

 

c.

(Dec) Adoption of the Slogan Divide and Quit by the Muslim

League in Karanchi session

 

1944

 

-

 

(Sept). Gandhi met Jinnah to discuss the C. Rajagopalachari

Formula

 

1945

-

a.

(Dec) The trial of the I.N.A prisoners

 

 

 

b.

General Election in India

 

 

 

 

c.

Viceroy Wavell Organised the Simla Conference to discuss

Wavell Plan

 

1946

-

a.

(Feb 18) Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay

(Talwar)

 

 

 

b.

(15 March) Announcement of Cabinet Mission by the British

Prime Minister Attlee

 

 

 

c.

(24 March) Arrival of Cabinet Mission to Delhi

 

 

 

d.

(16 May) The Cabinet Mission Plan was announced

 

 

 

e.

(16 June) The Cabinet Mission outlined the Procedure for forming the Interim Government

 

                    f.  (24 July) Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of the cabinet Mission plan and called for direct action to achieve

Pakistan

 

 

  g. (July) Elections to the Constituent Assembly as provided in the

Cabinet Mission Plan 

 

 

        h. (14 Aug) The Direct Action Day observed by the Muslim

League

 

 

            j. (2 Sept) Formation of the Interim Govt.

 

 

         k. (26 Oct) Muslim League joined the Interim Govt.

 

 

            l. (9 Dec) First session of the constituent Assembly

 

 

 

        m. Muslim League Boycotted Constituent Assembly

 

1947

-          a. (20 Feb) Declaration of granting freedom to India before June

1948 by Attlee

 

 

       b. (24 March) Appointment of Mountbatten as a Viceroy

 

 

        c. (3 June) Mountbatten Plan for the partition of India

 

 

        d. (June) The Congress and the Muslim League accepted the

Mountbatten Plan

 

 

         e. (4 July) Introduction of India Independence Bill

 

 

            f. (15 July) Passing of Indian Independence Bill

 

 

           g. (15 Aug) Freedom to India