A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc., on the basis of the information given in the statement.
Everything in the statement is assumed to be true, and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Some Important Tips
- Remember not to use any outside factual information to reach your conclusion.
- Avoid the presumption and it should be minded that the conclusion may not be converted into a course of action.
- If the statement is related to publicity or an advertisement and conclusion fulfills the main purpose then it is valid.
- Generally the past statement is not valid.
- If in course of actions words like : ‘definitely’, ‘quickly’, ‘cent-percent’, ‘only one’, ‘only forever’, ‘all’, ‘always’, ‘every’ etc. are linked then these are not considered. But if conclusion can be drawn as a direct result of the statement, then it is considered.
Below in each question a statement followed by two courses of actions numbered I and II is given. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.
1) If only I follow
2) If only II follows
3) If either I or II follows
4) If neither I nor II follows
5) If both I and II follows
Statement: The prices of food grains and vegetables have substantially increased due to a prolonged strike call given by the truck owners association.
Courses of action:
I. The government should immediately make alternative arrangement to ensure adequate supply of food grains and vegetables in the market.
II. The government should take steps to cancel the licenses of all the vehicles belonging to the association.
I is advisable because it will reduce the inconvenience of the people. II is not advisable because it is an extreme action.
Statement: The State Government has decided to declare 'Kala Azar" as a notifiable disease under the Epidemics Act, 1987. Family members or neighbours of the patient are liable to be punished in case they did not inform the State authorities.
Courses of Action:
I. Efforts should be made to effectively implement the Act.
II. The cases of punishment should be propagated through mass media so that more people become aware of the stern actions.
The Act is aimed at eradication of the disease and so it needs to be proclaimed and promoted. So, both the courses follow.
Statement: The government has decided to withdraw all the financial assistance it has been providing to the institutes of higher learning and urged them to become self-sufficient.
Courses of action:
I. These institutes should increase the number of seats substantially so as to enable them to meet the short-fall.
II. These institutes should rationalize the fee structure and also offer consultancy services to meet the short-fall.
The shortfall erupted as a result of the government decision needs to be met. It can be met through increase in the revenue of the institute.
This increase in revenue is possible either by increasing number of seats or by rationalizing the fee structure.
In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. Assume every thing in the statement to be true, and then the candidate is required to decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing in context of the given statement.
Statement: The prices of crude oil in the international market have increased substantially in the recent past and are likely to increase further in near future due to closure of refineries in the United States.
Courses of action:
I. The government should allow the petroleum companies to fix the retail prices as per the crude oil price in the international market.
II. The government should absorb part of the increase in crude oil price by proportionately reducing tax burden on the retail price by proportionately reducing tax burden on the retail price in the domestic market.
III. The government should privatize the petroleum companies to get out of the tricky market situation.
1) Only either I or III follow
2) Only either II or III follow
3) Only either I or II follow
4) Only I and III follow
5) None of these
III can make the problem more complicated .Hence III is not advisable. I can create problem for consumers whereas II can create problem for the government. Since the tone of the statement seems to be in favour of the consumers, II is advisable but I is not. Only II follows.
Statement: Many foreign tourists visiting India from African countries have been caught at various airports in India while smuggling banned narcotic substances.
Courses of action:
I. India should stop giving tourist visas to African nationals with immediate effect.
II. The airport authority and the enforcing agencies should be put on high alert to detect all such cases of smuggling.
III. Those foreigners who are caught smuggling banned narcotic substances should be given life term jail sentence to send a strong message to the criminals.
1) Only I follow
2) Only I and III follow
3) Only III follow
4) Only II and III follow
5) All follow
I is not advisable because it will create problem for genuine visitors .II is right approach to handle the situation. Now look at the given options. Options 1, 2 and 5 are rejected because I is not advisable. Option 3 is rejected because it doesn’t comprise the second course of action. Hence option 4 is the correct choice. This implies III is also advisable although it seems a harsh course of action.