Passages Conclusions

What is an inference?

An inference is a conclusion that is drawn from evidence or information. It is something that is not explicitly stated in the text, but can be reasonably assumed based on the information that is provided.

How to make inferences

To make inferences, you need to carefully consider the information that is presented in the text. Look for clues and hints that can help you to understand the author's intent and the meaning of the passage. You can also use your own knowledge and experience to make inferences.

Here are some tips for making inferences:

  • Read the passage carefully and make sure you understand the main points.
  • Identify the key information in the passage, such as facts, statistics, and opinions.
  • Consider the author's purpose and the intended audience of the passage.
  • Pay attention to the author's word choice and tone.
  • Use your own knowledge and experience to make connections between the information in the passage and your own understanding of the world.
  • Be careful not to make inferences that are not supported by the information in the text.

Examples of inferences

Here are some examples of inferences:

  • If you read a passage that says, "The temperature outside is 32 degrees Fahrenheit," you can infer that it is freezing outside.
  • If you read a passage that says, "The students were all studying very hard," you can infer that they are preparing for an exam.
  • If you read a passage that says, "The new restaurant is always crowded," you can infer that it is popular and has good food.

Practicing making inferences

The best way to improve your ability to make inferences is to practice. Try reading different types of texts and making inferences about the author's intent, the meaning of the passage, and the implications of the information that is presented. You can also try working on inference exercises or quizzes.

Conclusion

Making inferences is an important skill that can help you to better understand what you read and to develop your critical thinking skills. By following the tips above, you can learn to make inferences more effectively.

Example :

1. Read the following passage and answer the question based on the information provided:

Passage: "John woke up to the sound of raindrops hitting his window. He looked outside and saw people walking by with umbrellas. He decided to stay in and read a book."

What can you infer from this passage?

a. John enjoys reading books.
b. John doesn't like getting wet.
c. John is afraid of rain.
d. John is a student.

Answer: b. John doesn't like getting wet.

2. Read the following passage and answer the question based on the information provided:

Passage: "Sara was running late for her meeting. She quickly grabbed her keys, put on her shoes, and rushed out the door. As she was driving, she noticed a lot of traffic on the road."

What can you infer from this passage?

a. Sara is a fast driver.
b. Sara is a patient person.
c. Sara is not used to traffic.
d. Sara is a careful driver.

Answer: c. Sara is not used to traffic.

3. Read the following passage and answer the question based on the information provided:

Passage: "The store was crowded with people. There were long lines at the checkout counters, and the shelves were almost empty. Customers were rushing to grab the last few items."

What can you infer from this passage?

a. The store is closing soon.
b. The store is having a sale.
c. The store is popular.
d. The store is new.

Answer: b. The store is having a sale.

4. Read the following passage and answer the question based on the information provided:

Passage: "The dog was barking loudly, and the cat was hissing. The children were running around, and the parents were trying to calm everyone down."

What can you infer from this passage?

a. The family is having a party.
b. The family is going on a trip.
c. The family is arguing.
d. The family is playing a game.

Answer: c. The family is arguing.

5. Read the following passage and answer the question based on the information provided:

Passage: "The sun was shining, and the birds were chirping. People were walking their dogs, and children were playing in the park." What can you infer from this passage?

a. It is a weekday.
b. It is a weekend.
c. It is a holiday.
d. It is nighttime.

Answer: b. It is a weekend.