Figure Formation

Figure formation is a fundamental aspect of non-verbal reasoning that involves creating a new figure by assembling or combining various shapes, patterns, or components. This skill is crucial for solving a range of non-verbal reasoning questions accurately and efficiently.

Key Concepts

1. Types of Figure Formation

  • Completion Type: In this type, you are given an incomplete figure, and you need to identify and add the missing part(s) to make it a complete and meaningful whole.

  • Combination Type: This type involves creating a new figure by merging or combining two or more individual figures according to specific rules or patterns.

2. Approach to Figure Formation

  • Analyze Given Figures: Thoroughly examine the given figures, paying close attention to shapes, patterns, angles, and any identifiable elements.

  • Identify Patterns and Relationships: Look for patterns or logical relationships between the components of the given figures. These patterns will guide you in forming the new figure.

  • Apply Recognized Patterns: Use the identified patterns or relationships to create the new figure by completing or combining the elements in a systematic manner.

Importance of Figure Formation

  1. Spatial Reasoning: Mastering figure formation enhances spatial reasoning abilities, helping individuals understand and manipulate objects and shapes in space.

  2. Problem-Solving Skills: Figure formation nurtures problem-solving skills by requiring individuals to apply logic and creativity in constructing new figures.

  3. Pattern Recognition: It improves the ability to recognize and understand patterns, which is essential in various fields, including mathematics, engineering, and art.

Strategies for Solving Figure Formation Questions

  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice of figure formation exercises will help you understand different patterns and improve your ability to create new figures.

  • Understand Geometric Properties: Familiarize yourself with various geometric properties, such as symmetry, angles, and proportions, as these are often fundamental in figure formation.

  • Experiment with Combinations: Don't hesitate to experiment with different combinations of shapes and patterns. Sometimes, creativity can lead to the correct solution.

Example : 

Find out which of the figures (1), (2), (3) and (4) can be formed from the pieces given in figure (X).

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

Solution : 1

Example : 

Find out which of the figures (1), (2), (3) and (4) can be formed from the pieces given in figure (X).

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

Solution : 2

Example : 

Select the alternative in which the specified components of the key figure (X) are found.

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

Solution : 4

Example : 

Select the alternative in which the specified components of the key figure (X) are found.

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

Solution : 3

Example : 

Find out how will the key figure (X) look like after rotation.

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

Solution : 4