Analogy (Non Verbal Tests)

What is an Analogy?

  • An analogy is a comparison between two things that are usually thought to be different but have some similarities.
  • In non-verbal reasoning, analogies are used to test your ability to recognize relationships between shapes, figures, and patterns.

Types of Analogies

  • There are different types of analogies in non-verbal reasoning, including:
    • Type of Figure: In this type, the relationship between the figures is based on their shape, size, orientation, or position.
    • Type of Group: In this type, the relationship between the groups of figures is based on their arrangement, pattern, or sequence.
    • Type of Transformation: In this type, the relationship between the figures is based on their transformation, such as rotation, reflection, or translation.

Tips for Solving Analogies

  • Look for the relationship between the figures and try to identify the pattern or rule that connects them.
  • Use the process of elimination to eliminate the options that do not fit the pattern or rule.
  • Look for the common features or characteristics of the figures and try to apply them to the other figures.
  • Try to visualize the figures in different orientations or positions to see if they fit the pattern or rule.

Practice Questions

Directions :

Each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. Establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

Question : 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5

Solution :  3

The half-shaded leaf rotates 135oACW and the unshaded leaf rotates 135oCW.

Question : 

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

Problem Figures:                            Answer Figures:
    (A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5

Solution : 1

The figure gets vertically inverted.