# Analogy (Non Verbal Tests)

What is an Analogy?

• An analogy is a comparison between two things that are usually thought to be different but have some similarities.
• In non-verbal reasoning, analogies are used to test your ability to recognize relationships between shapes, figures, and patterns.

Types of Analogies

• There are different types of analogies in non-verbal reasoning, including:
• Type of Figure: In this type, the relationship between the figures is based on their shape, size, orientation, or position.
• Type of Group: In this type, the relationship between the groups of figures is based on their arrangement, pattern, or sequence.
• Type of Transformation: In this type, the relationship between the figures is based on their transformation, such as rotation, reflection, or translation.

Tips for Solving Analogies

• Look for the relationship between the figures and try to identify the pattern or rule that connects them.
• Use the process of elimination to eliminate the options that do not fit the pattern or rule.
• Look for the common features or characteristics of the figures and try to apply them to the other figures.
• Try to visualize the figures in different orientations or positions to see if they fit the pattern or rule.

Practice Questions

Directions :

Each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. Establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

Question :

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).

(A)     (B)      (C)     (D)                  (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)      (5)
1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 4
5. 5

Solution :  3

Question :

Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).