Religions

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (WORLD)

 

 RELIGIONS

  • Buddhism

Founder    :                   Gautam Siddhartha Buddha (563-483 BC) born in Nepal

                        (Lumbini)

     Founded in                            525 BC

Followed in                   China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand,    Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri lanka, Cambodia, Taiwan,Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam.

Sacred text                  The Tripitaka (Collection of Budha’s teachings) also called

                        Sutras

Sacred places               Lumbini (Nepal) where Buddha was born, Bodh Gaya (Bihar)      where he received Enlightenment and Kusinagara (UP) where he attained ‘Nirvana’

Place of worship            Vihar (temple) and Monastery (where Monks reside)

Sects                          Mahayana and Hinayana

  •  Confucianism

Founder                       Kung Fu Tsu, better Known as Confucius (551-479 BC) born in

                        the State of Lu in china.

      Founded in                  500 BC

      Followed in                  China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru and Vietnam

      Sacred text                 The Lun Yu, The Analects

      Sacred place               Peking (Beijing) in China

      Place of worship           No church or temple

  • Christianity

Founder                       Jesus Christ (5 BC to 30 AD) born in Judea, also called Jesus of

                        Nazareth

     Founded in                   200 years ago

      Followed in                        Spread all over the world

     Sacred text                  Holy Bible consisting of the Old Testament (before Christ) and

                        the New Testament (during and after Christ)

     Sacred place                Jerusalem where Christ lived and preached

     Place of worship            Church

     Important sects            Catholics and Protestants

 

  • Hinduism

Founder                       Of divine origin

Founded in                   1500 BC

Followed in                   Concentrated in Indian and Nepal and also found in Bhutan,

                        Fiji, Gyuana, Indonesia, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, South Africa,

                        Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Bali

      Sacred texts                The Vedas, The Upanishads, The Bhagavad Gita and the epics

                        of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana

      Place of worship           Temple

  • Islam

Founder                       Prophet Mohammed (570-632 AD) born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia)

Founded in                   622 AD

Followed in                   West coast of Africa which includes Tanzania, Southern part of

                        Russia and China, India Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and

                        Indonesia. Also Parts of North Africa

     Sacred texts                 Quran (words of God), Hadis (collection of Prophet’s sayings)

     Sacred places               Makkah (Mecca) in Saudi Arabia

     Place of worship            Masjid (mosque)

     Important sects            Sunnis and Shias

  • Judaism (Religion of the Hebrews)

Founder                       Moses, born in Egypt

     Founded in                   1300 BC

     Followed                      Worldwide with concentration in Israel and United States

     Sacred texts                 Hals, found particularly in the five books of the Bible;

                                      commentary on Torah known as Talmud and Midrash

     Sacred Places               Jerusalem

     Place of worship            Synagogue

  • Shintoism

Founder                       Began with Japanese culture an developed out of tradition

Founded in                   Antiquity

Followed in                   Japan

Sacred texts                 No specific text

Sacred Place                 Central Shrine of Ise (central Japan) and the Yasukuni Shrine in

                        Tokyo 

  • Sikhism

Founder                       Guru Nanak (1469-1539)

Founded in                   1500 AD

Followed in                   India

Sacred text                  Guru Granth Saheb

Sacred place                 The Golden Temple of Amritsar

Place of worship            Gurdwara

  • Taoism

Fonder                         Lao-tse, a Chinese philosopher

Founded in                   6th century BC

Followed in                   China, Taiwan, Nauru, Brunei, Singapore and Vietnam

Sacred text                  Tao-te-Ching

  • Zoroastrianism

(Parsi Religion)

Founder                       Zoroaster, Born in Medea (modern Iran) about 660 BC

Founded                      Around 500 BC

Followed in                   Iran and north-west India, The Zoroastrians who fled to India

                        during the eighth century are the ancestors of the present Parsi

                        Community in India

     Sacred text                  Zend Avesta

     Place of worship            Fire Temple

 

World Religions – in Figures

Religion Adherents Percentage
Christianity 2.382 billion 31.0%
Islam 1.907 billion 24.9%
Secular/Nonreligious/Agnostic/Atheist 1.193 billion 15.58%
Hinduism 1.161 billion 15.2%
Buddhism 506 million 6.6%
Chinese traditional religion 394 million 5.6%
Ethnic religions excluding some in separate categories 300 million 3%
African traditional religions 100 million 1.2%
Sikhism 26 million 0.30%
Spiritism 15 million 0.19%
Judaism 14.7 million 0.2%
Baháʼí 5.0 million 0.07%
Jainism 4.2 million 0.05%
Shinto 4.0 million 0.05%
Cao Dai 4.0 million 0.05%
Zoroastrianism 2.6 million 0.03%
Tenrikyo 2.0 million 0.02%
Animism 1.9 million 0.02%
Neo-Paganism 1.0 million 0.01%
Unitarian Universalism 0.8 million 0.01%
Rastafari 0.6 million 0.007%
Total 7.79 billion 100%