Prize and Awards

 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (WORLD)

 PRIZE AND AWARDS

 

   Name

  Instituted in

  Particulars

   Noble

  1901

  Established in 1967 and

  named after Alfred Bernhard

  Nobel, a chemical engineer,

  Awarded annually on

  December 10 for outstanding

  work in the fields of (i)

  Physics, (ii) Chemistry, (iii)

  Physiology and Medicine, (iv)

  Literature, (v) Peace, and

  (vi) Economics.

  Pulitzer Prize

  1970

   Named after the US

   publisher Joseph Pulitzer.

   Conferred annually in the

   USA for outstanding work in

   Journalism, Literature and

   Music.

  Magsaysay Award

  1957

   Named after Ramon

   Magsaysay, President of the

   Philippines. Conferred

   annually on August 31,for

   outstanding contributions in

   Public Service, Community

   Leadership, Journalism,

   Literature and Creative Arts,

   and International

   Understanding.

  Templeton

  1972

   Named after John, M

   Templeton, a Presbyterian

   of Nassau, Bahamas.

   Conferred for progress in

   religion.

  Jawaharlal Nehru

   Award

  1965

   Conferred by the

   Government of India for

   outstanding contributions in

   the promotion of

   international understanding,

   goodwill and friendship.

  Right Livelihood

  Award

  1980

   Instituted by Jakob Von

   Vexkull, a Swedish-German

   writer, it is also called the

   ‘Alternative Noble Prize’.

   Conferred annually for

   practical and exemplary

   solutions to real problems of

   today.

  Booker Prize

  1968

   It is a prestigious literary

   award conferred annually by

   the Booker company and

   the British Publishers

   Association.

  Oscar

  1929

   Conferred annually by the

   Academy of Motion Pictures,

   Arts and Sciences.

  Jesse Owens Global

  1992

   To honour individuals with a

   sports background who

   have made significant and

   lasting contribution to

   society.

  Kalinga Award

  1952

   Set up at the initiative of Mr

   Biju Patnaik, the founder of

   Kalinga Foundation Trust in

   Orissa. It is conferred for

   popularisation of science by

   UNESCO.

  World Food Prize

  1979

   The award was conceived

   By Dr Norman Borlaug and

   financed by the Kraft

   General Foods. It is

   conferred annually by the

   Washington-based

   Selection committee.

  Mahatma Gandhi

  Peace

  1995

   Instituted by the

   Government of India to

   mark the 125th anniversary

   of Prize Mahatma Gandhi. It

   is worth US D 10,000,

   conferred on an individual

   who contributes important

   literary and artistic work to

   the cause. The Prize money

   was raised from a donation

   by Madanjeet Singh, well

   known writer, photographer

   and scholar who has been

   special advisor to UNESCO’s

   Director-General on Culture.

   The award is along the line

   of Noble Prizes.

  UN Human Rights

  Award

 

   1966 The award is given

   every five years for

   individual contributions to

   the establishment of human

   rights.

  Golden Globe Award

 

   Conferred by the Hollywood

   Foreign Press Association, it

   is given annually for

   creditable efforts in film

   direction.

  Golden bear Award

 

   The award is given annually

   for the best film and best

   cine actors.

  Simon Boliver Prize

 

   The prize is given to

   individuals fighting for

   freedom, independence and

   dignity of people.

  David Cohen Award

 

   It is the biggest literary

   award of Britain.

  Own Global Prize

  1993

   This award is given

   biennially to an individual

   who has made significant

   and lasting contributions of

   enduring quality to society

   from the background of

   sports. The inaugural award

   was given in 1993 to Juan

   Antonio Samaranch,

   president of IOC and second

   was given in 1995 to Dr

   Nelson Mandela.

  Palme Prize

 

   Instituted in the memory of

   the slain Swedish PM Ol of

   Palme and conferred by the

   Palme Foundation in

   Stockholm on individuals

   fighting for democratic and

   international values of high

   order.

  UNESCO Prize for

  Tolerance

  1995

   Instituted by UNESCO for

   the promotion of tolerance

   and non-violence on the

   occasion of the UN Year of

   Tolerance and the 125th

     anniversary of Mahatma

   Gandhi. To be known as the

   Madajeet Singh Prize for

   outstanding work on

   tolerance and non-violence

   in the fields of science, arts,

   culture and communication.

  UNESCO Peace

  Award

 

   Often called the ‘Little

   Noble’ award, it recognizes

   individuals or groups for

   their contribution to peace.

  Monismanien

  Swedish

 

   Awarded every two years to

   people who have worked for

   ‘Freedom of Speech’.

  Literary Prize

 

  The Bangladeshi writer, Ms

  Taslima Nasreen, author of

  controversial novel ‘Lajja’,

  received the ward in 1995.