First Largest Longest of World

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (WORLD)

FIRST, LARGEST, LONGEST OF WORLD

 ‘First’ in the World

    Field

    Name

    Year

    Man to reach South Pole

    Ronald Amundson (Norway)

    1911

    Man to reach North Pole

    Robert E Peary (USA)

    1909

    Woman to reach North

    Pole

    Karoline Mikkelsen

    1935

    Woman to reach South

    Pole

    Fran Phipps (Canada)

    1971

    Man to go in space

    Yuri Gagrin (former USSR)

    1961

    Man to set foot on the

    moon

    Neil Alden Armstrong (USA)

    1969

    Man to walk in space

    Alexei Leonov (former

    USSR)

    1965

    Woman cosmonaut in

    space

    Valentina Tereshkova

    (former USSR)

    1963

    Men to climb Mt Everest

    Tenzing Norgay (India) and

    Edmund Hillary (USA)

    1953

    Woman to climb Mt

    Everest

    Junko Taibei (Japan)

    1975

    Man to sail round the

    world

    Ferdinand Magellan

    (Portugal)

    1480-1521

    Polar circumnavigation

    Sir Ranulph Fiennes and

    Charles Burton (Britain)

    1979-82

    Woman to cross the Strait  of Gibaraltar

    Arti Pradhan (India)

    1988

Handicapped man to cross the Strati of Gibraltar (deaf and dumb)

    Taranath Shenoy (India)

    1988

    President of Chinese

    Republic

    Dr Sun Yat-Sen

    1921-25

    Chairman of People’s

    Republic of China

    Mao Tse-Tung

    1949-76

    President of USA

    George Washington

    1789

    Prime Minister of England

    Sir Robert Walpole

    1721-42

    Lady Prime Minister of a Country

    Srimavo Bhandarnaike

   (Sri Lanka)

    1970-77

    Lady Prime Minister of

    England

    Mrs Margaret Thatcher

    1979-90

    Foreign invader of India

    Alexander the Great

    326 BC

    Chinese traveler of India

    Fa-hen

    405-11

    Woman Bishop

    Rev Barbara C Harris (USA)

    1988

    Lady President of a

    Country

    Maria Estate Pew

   (Argentian)

   

1.10.2 Important Geographical Facts

Largest Continent

Asia

Smallest Continent

Australia

Largest North to South stretch of land

America

Largest Ocean

Pacific

Smallest Ocean

Arctic

Deepest Ocean

Pacific

Lowest point on the earth

Dead Sea (Israel-Jordan)

Deepest point in the ocean

Marina Trench (the Philippines)

Highest mountains

Himalayas

Lowest mountains

Bheinna Bhaile

Highest, extinct volcano

Cerro Aconcagua, Argentina (6960 m)

Highest, active volcano

Guallatiri (Chile)

Highest, dormant volcano

Llullaillaco (Chile) (6,723 m)

Highest plateau

Tibet (4,875 m high, area 200,000 )

Longest river

Nile (6670 m)

Largest river

Amazon

Shortest river

Roe river in Montana (61 m long)

Largest river basin

Amazon (6,448 km)          

Largest estuary

Orb, in northern Russia (885km)

Largest lake

Caspian sea

Deepest lake

Ozero Baikal, Siberia

Largest fresh water lake

Lake Superior, North America

Largest artificial lake

Lake Mead at Boulder Dam, USA

Highest navigable lake

Lake Titicaca, Peru-Bolivia

Largest bay

Hudson Boy, Northern Canada

Largest gulf

Gulf of Mexico (1500,000)

Largest gorge

Grand Canyon, Colorado river, Arizona

Deepest gorge

Hell's Canyon, USA

Greatest ocean depth

Challenger Deep (10,900 m), Pacific Ocean

Greatest tides

Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia

Largest sea (Not deepest)

South China Sea

Largest Delta

Sunderbans, Ganga and Brahmaputra in Bangladesh

(75,000 )

Largest salt lake

Caspian Sea

Largest peninsula

Arabia (3,250,000 sq km)

Biggest desert

Sahara ( North America)

Highest capital city

La Paz (Bolivia)

Highest town

Wenchuan (Tibet)

Highest village

Aucanquilca in the Andes mountains

Largest island

Greenland (Kalaalit Nunaat)

Most populous city

Shanghai

Most densely populated city

Monaco

Least populous city

Vatican

Hottest region

North-west Sahara, Azisia (Libya)

Coldest region

Verkhoyansk in Siberia

Lowest town

Villages along the Dead Sea

Smallest country

Vatican

Northernmost town

Ny Alesund, Spitsbergen (Norway)

Largest town

Mt Isa (Queensland)

Highest waterfall

Angel Falls, Venezuela

Largest atoll

Kwajalein, Marshal islands in Central Pacific

Longest coral reef

Great Barrier Reef, Australia

Tallest active geyser

‘Giant’ in the Yellowstone National Park, USA

Largest archipelago

Indonesia

Smallest Republic

Nauru (2,129 hectare; population-1900)

Smallest colony

Gibraltar (area 5.8 sq km)

Largest dam

Grand Coulee Dam, USA

Highest dam

Rohunsky, Tadjikistan

Tallest fountain

Fountain Hills, Arizona

Largest reservoir

Brats lake on Angara river

Largest strait

Tatarskiy Proliv (Tartar strait, between

Sakhalin Islands and Russia) 800 km

Broadest strait

Davis Strait (between Greenland and Bafin

Island) (338 km wide)

Narrowest strait

Between the Aegean islands of Euboea and

the mainland of Greece (40 m wide)

Greatest ocean current

Antarctic circum,-polar or west wind drift current

Strongest ocean current

Nakwakto Rapids, Slingsby channel, British Columbia (Canada)