Sanctuaries

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (INDIA)

 SANCTUARIES (I)

India has over 500 animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife Sanctuaries. Among these, the 28 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger. Some wildlife sanctuaries are specifically named Bird Sanctuary, eg. Keoladeo National Park before attained National Park status. Many National Parks were initially Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Year  

Name  

State  

Area (km²)  

Year  

Name  

State  

Area (km²)  

               

1979

Great Indian Bustard

Maharashtra

8496.44

1986

Nandpur Madmeshwar

Maharashtra

100.12

1986

Kutch Desert

Gujarat

7506.22

1989

Sessa Orchid

Arunachal Pradesh

100

1973

Wild Ass

Gujarat

4953.7

1980

Jawahar Sagar

Rajasthan

100

ND

Nelapattu

Andhra Pradesh

404

1983

Shergarh

Rajasthan

98.71

1991

Dibang Valley

Arunachal Pradesh

4149

1962

Darlaghat

Himachal Pradesh

98.71

1987

Changthang

Jammu & Kashmir

4000

1984

Chinnar

Kerala

90.44

1978

Nagarjunasagar Srisailam

Andhra Pradesh

3568

1974

Someswara

Karnataka

88.4

ND

Karakoram

Jammu & Kashmir

1800

1986

Aner Dam

Maharashtra

82.94

1978

Kaimur

Bihar

1342.22

ND

Mukkurthi

Tamil Nadu

78.46

ND

Gundlabrahmeswaram

Andhra Pradesh

1194

1957

Chandra Prabha

Uttar Pradesh

78

1965

Gir

Gujarat

1153.42

1976

Idukki

Kerala

77

1975

Noradehi

Madhya Pradesh

1034.52

1988

Katepurna

Maharashtra

73.69

1972

Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

975.24

1985

Orang

Assam

72.6

1965

Kawal

Andhra Pradesh

893

1984

Balukhand Konark

Orissa

71.72

1952

Pakhal

Andhra Pradesh

879.3

1962

Shikari Devi

Himachal Pradesh

71.19

1977

Pakhui

Arunachal Pradesh

861.95

1979

Laokhowa

Assam

70.14

1979

Simlipal

Orissa

845.7

1975

Bhitarkanika

Orissa

70

ND

Dandeli

Karnataka

834.16

1986

Phansad

Maharashtra

69.79

1953

Eturnagaram

Andhra Pradesh

803

1976

Tirthan

Himachal Pradesh

68.25

1987

Lachipora

Jammu & Kashmir

800

1976

Mahuadaur

Bihar

63.25

1976

Satkosia Gorge

Orissa

795.52

1954

Kanawar

Himachal Pradesh

61.57

1989

Kamlang

Arunachal Pradesh

783

1970

Bor

Maharashtra

61.1

1976

Palamau

Jharkhand

767

1955

Van Vihar

Rajasthan

59.93

1981

Narayan Sarovar (Chinkara)

Gujarat

765.79

1974

Narsingarh

Madhya Pradesh

57.19

1976

Ratapani

Madhya Pradesh

688.79

1985

Churdhar

Himachal Pradesh

56.59

1976

Bhimbandh

Bihar

681.9

1982

Ratanmahal

Gujarat

55.65

1983

Keladevi

Rajasthan

676

1991

Kane

Arunachal Pradesh

55

1963

Kolleru

Andhra Pradesh

673

1984

Aralam

Kerala

55

1977

Kinnerasani

Andhra Pradesh

655.41

1983

Peppara

Kerala

53

1962

Sechu Tuan Nala

Himachal Pradesh

655.32

1956

Jaisamand

Rajasthan

52

1979

National Chambal

Uttar Pradesh

635

1984

Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary

Sikkim

51.76

ND

Rollapadu

Andhra Pradesh

614

1984

Fambong Lho

Sikkim

51.76

1978

Tamor Pingla

Madhya Pradesh

608.52

1980

Nahargarh

Rajasthan

50

1982

Schoolpaneshwar

Gujarat

607.7

1974

Melkote Temple

Karnataka

49.82

1988

Sunabema

Orissa

600

1984

Parasnath

Bihar

49.23

1986

Askot

Uttarakhand

599.93

ND

Pabha

Assam

49

1985

Melghat

Maharashtra

597.23

1988

Binsar

Uttarakhand

45.59

1978

Papikonda

Andhra Pradesh

590.68

1981

Ken Gharial

Madhya Pradesh

45

1971

Kumbhalgarh

Rajasthan

578.26

1982

Harike Lake

Punjab

43

ND

Mundanthurai

Tamil Nadu

567.38

1981

Sone Gharial

Madhya Pradesh

41.8

1974

Sitanadi

Madhya Pradesh

553.36

1991

Khawnglung

Mizoram

41

1975

Achanakmar

Madhya Pradesh

551.55

1989

Dipor Beel

Assam

40

1989

Balaram-Ambaji

Gujarat

542.08

1989

Paniya

Gujarat

39.63

1987

Biligiri Rangswamy Temple

Karnataka

539.52

1981

Surinsar-Mansar

Jammu & Kashmir

39.58

1977

Bori

Madhya Pradesh

518.25

1976

Senchal

West Bengal

38.88

1981

Ghatigaon

Madhya Pradesh

512

1987

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Assam

38.83

1983

Phulwari

Rajasthan

511.41

1962

Raksham Chitkul

Himachal Pradesh

38.27

1987

Cauvery

Karnataka

510.51

1976

Lothian Island

West Bengal

38

1986

Andhari

Maharashtra

509.27

1962

Naina Devi

Himachal Pradesh

37.19

ND

Srivenkateshwara

Andhra Pradesh

506.94

1978

Siwaram

Andhra Pradesh

36.29

1982

Kaimoor

Uttar Pradesh

500.75

1962

Talra

Himachal Pradesh

36.16

1985

Dampa

Mizoram

500

1978

Rajgir

Bihar

35.84

1976

Pulicat

Andhra Pradesh

500

1987

Maenam

Sikkim

35.34

1983

Todgarh Raoli

Rajasthan

495.27

1981

Nandini

Jammu & Kashmir

33.72

1974

Bhadra

Karnataka

492.46

1984

Shingba Rhododendron

Sikkim

32.5

ND

Srivilliputhur

Tamil Nadu

485.2

1987

Overa

Jammu & Kashmir

32.37

1954

Govind Pashu Vihar

Uttar Pradesh

481.04

1962

Majathal

Himachal Pradesh

31.64

1978

Bagdogra

Madhya Pradesh

478.9

1954

Manali sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

31.27

1950

Periyar

Kerala

472

1949

Kalatop & Khajjiar

Himachal Pradesh

30.69

ND

Srilanka Malleswara

Andhra Pradesh

464.42

1970

Tansa

Maharashtra

30.41

1977

Pachmarhi

Madhya Pradesh

461.85

1974

Nugu

Karnataka

30.32

1978

Valmikinagar

Bihar

461.6

1974

Ghataprabha

Karnataka

29.78

ND

Pulicat

Tamil Nadu

461.02

1962

Lippa Asrang

Himachal Pradesh

29.53

1987

Sohagabarwa

Uttar Pradesh

428.2

1987

Landfall Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

29.48

1987

Overa-Aru

Jammu & Kashmir

425

1987

Malvan Marine

Maharashtra

29.12

1985

Koyna

Maharashtra

423.55

1981

Nongkhyllem

Meghalaya

29

1979

Sita Mata

Rajasthan

422.94

1962

Daranghati

Himachal Pradesh

27.01

1962

Tundah

Himachal Pradesh

419.48

1980

Barnadi

Assam

26.22

1974

Sharavathi Valley

Karnataka

413.23

1987

Limber

Jammu & Kashmir

26

1976

Kateraniaghat

Uttar Pradesh

400.09

[[]]

Sukhna

Chandigarh

25.42

1981

Kotgarh

Orissa

399.05

1983

Thattekkad Bird

Kerala

25

1974

Shettihally

Karnataka

395.6

1983

Crocodile (Lohabrrack)

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

22.21

1928

Manas

Assam

391

1986

Hastinapur

Uttar Pradesh

20.73

1988

Gumti

Tripura

389.54

ND

Tongri

Jammu & Kashmir

20

1958

Radhangiri

Maharashtra

371.88

1978

Manjira

Andhra Pradesh

20

1974

Gandhi Sagar

Madhya Pradesh

368.62

1987

Sepahijala

Tripura

18.53

1975

Sanjay (Dubri)

Madhya Pradesh

364.69

1954

Khokhan

Himachal Pradesh

17.6

1976

Singhalila

West Bengal

362.4

ND

Point Calimere

Tamil Nadu

17.26

1986

Kalsubai Harishchandra

Maharashtra

361.71

1958

Simbalbara

Himachal Pradesh

17.2

ND

Kaundinya

Andhra Pradesh

357

1987

Chilka Lake (Nalaban)

Orissa

15.53

1982

Rupi Bhabha

Himachal Pradesh

354.14

1988

Rampura

Gujarat

15.01

1983

Sardarpur Florican

Madhya Pradesh

348.12

1985

Arabithittu

Karnataka

13.5

1985

Debrigarh

Orissa

346.91

ND

Indira Priyadarshini

Delhi

13.2

ND

Kuno - Palpur

Madhya Pradesh

345

1983

Sailana Florican

Madhya Pradesh

12.96

1981

Palpur - Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary

Madhya Pradesh

344.68

1981

Ramnagar

Jammu & Kashmir

12.9

1973

Waynad

Kerala

344.44

1954

Kais

Himachal Pradesh

12.2

1986

Jaikwadi

Maharashtra

341.05

1975

Bir Shikargarh

Haryana

10.93

1978

Samarsot

Madhya Pradesh

340.35

1985

Sagershwar

Maharashtra

10.87

1962

Kugti

Himachal Pradesh

330

1987

Defence Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

10.49

1986

Painganga

Maharashtra

324.62

ND

Hokarsar

Jammu & Kashmir

10

1983

Pong Dam Sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

322.7

1987

Cinque Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

9.51

ND

Mudumalai

Tamil Nadu

321.55

1987

Flat Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

9.36

1978

National Chambal

Madhya Pradesh

320

1987

Buchaan Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

9.33

1985

Chandoli

Maharashtra

308.97

1977

Barren Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

8.1

1982

Ramgarh Bundi

Rajasthan

307

1987

Kyd Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

8

1988

Badrama

Orissa

304.03

1972

Bondla Wildlife

Goa

8

1987

Sonanandi

Uttar Pradesh

301.18

1987

Shearme Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

7.85

1982

Jamwa Ramgarh

Rajasthan

300

1987

Paget Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

7.36

1980

Marine (Gulf of Kutch)

Gujarat

293.03

1985

Tilanchang Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

6.83

1960

Mountabu

Rajasthan

288.84

1977

Narcondum Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

6.81

1976

Singhori (Sindhari)

Madhya Pradesh

287.91

1987

West Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

6.4

1973

Parambikulam

Kerala

285

1987

East Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

6.11

1980

Mehao

Arunachal Pradesh

281.5

1976

Halliday Island

West Bengal

5.95

1983

National Chambal

Rajasthan

280

1987

Ranger Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

4.26

1972

Gomardah

Madhya Pradesh

277.82

1987

Swamp Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

4.09

1984

Kuldiha

Orissa

272.75

1987

East (Inglis) Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3.55

1955

Darah

Rajasthan

265.83

1977

North Reef Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3.48

1983

Pamed Wild Buffalo

Madhya Pradesh

262

1987

Benett Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3.46

1986

Gautala Autramghat

Maharashtra

260.61

1987

Talabaicha Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3.21

1976

Gautam Buddha

Bihar

259.48

1987

Point Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

3.07

1986

Buxa

West Bengal

251.89

1987

Baltal

Jammu & Kashmir

3

1988

Kanji

Jammu & Kashmir

250

1987

Bondoville Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

2.55

1983

Udanti Wild Buffalo

Madhya Pradesh

247.59

1987

Table (Delgarno) Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

2.29

1974

Mukambika

Karnataka

247

1985

Battimalve Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

2.23

1983

Panpatha

Madhya Pradesh

245.84

1987

James Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

2.1

1976

Barnawapra

Madhya Pradesh

244.66

1979

Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

Goa

1.8

1962

Nargu

Himachal Pradesh

243.13

1987

Reef Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.74

1962

Bandli

Himachal Pradesh

239.47

1987

Table (Excelsior) Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.69

1978

Coringa

Andhra Pradesh

235.79

1977

South Sentinel Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.61

1977

Ranipur

Uttar Pradesh

230.31

1987

Sandy Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.58

1983

Bhensrodgarh

Rajasthan

229.14

1987

Roper Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.46

1972

Kishanpur

Uttar Pradesh

227.12

1987

Pitman Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.37

ND

Kalakkadu

Tamil Nadu

223.58

1987

South Brother Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.24

1989

Eaglenest

Arunachal Pradesh

217

1987

South Reef Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.17

1990

Jaldapara

West Bengal

216.51

1987

Bluff Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.14

1987

Spike Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

211.7

1987

Sir Huge Rose Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.06

1978

Lawalang

Bihar

211.03

1987

Temple Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.04

1985

Nakti Dam

Bihar

206.4

1987

Ross Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

1.01

1986

Kabar

Bihar

204

ND

Ranganthittu

Karnataka

0.67

1981

Karera

Madhya Pradesh

202.21

ND

Bir Motibagh

Punjab

ND

1975

Intanki

Nagaland

202.02

ND

Bhagmara

Meghalaya

ND

ND

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

194.81

ND

Tal Chappar

Rajasthan

ND

1976

Dalma

Bihar

193.22

ND

Renuka

Himachal Pradesh

ND

1985

Baretha

Rajasthan

192.76

ND

Shilli

Himachal Pradesh

ND

1979

Barda

Gujarat

192.31

ND

Bir Bunnerheri

Punjab

ND

1978

Hadgarh

Orissa

191.06

ND

Bassi

Rajasthan

ND

1978

D'ering Memorial

Arunachal Pradesh

190

ND

National Garhial

Rajasthan

ND

1975

Abohar

Punjab

188.24

ND

Khijadiya

Gujarat

ND

1976

Hazaribagh

Bihar

186.25

ND

Bir Gurdialpura

Punjab

ND

1987

Gulmarg

Jammu & Kashmir

186

ND

Asan Bradge Bird Watching

Uttar Pradesh

ND

1985

Lakhari Valley

Orissa

185.87

ND

Chilla

Uttar Pradesh

ND

1989

Yagoupokpi Lokchao

Manipur

184.8

ND

Mahavir Swamy

Uttar Pradesh

ND

1974

Bramhagiri

Karnataka

181.29

ND

Nawabganj

Uttar Pradesh

ND

1978

Jessore

Gujarat

180.66

ND

Samaspur

Uttar Pradesh

ND

1985

Koderma

Bihar

177.95

ND

Dhakna Kolkaz

Maharashtra

ND

1969

Yawal

Maharashtra

177.52

ND

Gandhari

Maharashtra

ND

1982

Chandaka Dampara

Orissa

175.79

ND

Wainganga

Maharashtra

ND

1934

Sonai Rupai

Assam

175

ND

Dhumkhal

Gujarat

ND

1987

Trishna

Tripura

170.56

ND

Ushakothi

Orissa

ND

1981

Baisipalli

Orissa

168.35

ND

Chandra Prabha

Bihar

ND

1990

Purna

Gujarat

160.84

ND

Topchanchi

Bihar

ND

1970

Nagzira

Maharashtra

152.81

ND

Bibhutibhushan

West Bengal

ND

1991

Ngengpui

Mizoram

150

ND

Bethudahari

West Bengal

ND

1967

Bhagwan Mahavir

Goa

148.52

ND

Ballabhpur

West Bengal

ND

1992

Karlapat

Orissa

147.66

ND

Chapramari

West Bengal

ND

1978

Itanagar

Arunachal Pradesh

140.3

ND

Gorumara

West Bengal

ND

1983

Bhairamgarh

Madhya Pradesh

138.95

ND

Jore Pokhri

West Bengal

ND

1985

Nameri

Assam

137.07

ND

Mahananda

West Bengal

ND

1980

Pranahita

Andhra Pradesh

136.02

ND

Parnadhan

West Bengal

ND

1986

Chaprala

Maharashtra

134.78

ND

Ramnabagan

West Bengal

ND

1985

Interview Island

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

133

ND

Raiganj

West Bengal

ND

1985

Bhimashankar

Maharashtra

130.78

ND

Kyongasia Alpine

Sikkim

ND

1990

Jambughoda

Gujarat

130.38

ND

Garampani

Assam

ND

1952

Pocharam

Andhra Pradesh

130

ND

Siju

Meghalaya

ND

1958

Neyyar

Kerala

128

ND

Pulebatze

Nagaland

ND

1976

Murti Wildlife

West Bengal

127.22

ND

Fakim

Nagaland

ND

1958

Peechi Vazhani

Kerala

125

ND

Charilam

Tripura

ND

1955

Kheoni

Madhya Pradesh

134.778

ND

Lanjamadugu

Andhra Pradesh

ND

1969

Nal Sarovar

Gujarat

120.82

ND

Karikili

Tamil Nadu

ND

1962

Gobind Sagar & Naina Devi

Himachal Pradesh

120.67

ND

Vedantangal

Tamil Nadu

ND

1974

Ranebennur

Karnataka

119

ND

Vettangudi

Tamil Nadu

ND

1982

Khalasuni

Orissa

116

ND

Vallanadu

Tamil Nadu

16.41

1987

Chautala

Haryana

113.96

ND

Kumarakom

Kerala

ND

1983

Fensatallite

Madhya Pradesh

110.24

1987

Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary

Karnataka

105

1976

Chail

Himachal Pradesh

110.04

1984

Chimony

Kerala

105

1987

Hirpora

Jammu & Kashmir

110

1968

Bhagwan Mahavir

Goa

105

ND

Sundha Mata

Rajasthan

107

1975

Badankhoh

Madhya Pradesh

104.35

1949

Gamgul Siahbehi

Himachal Pradesh

105.46

1984

Sawai Mansingh

Rajasthan

103.25

1987

Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary

Karnataka

102.59

1984

Shenduruny

Kerala

100.32