Prize and Awards

                                               GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (INDIA)



National Awards

Republic Day Awards (Civilian Awards):


Bharat Ratna is the highest national award given for exceptional work for advancement of art, literature and science or in recognition of public service of the highest order.


Feature: The decoration is in the form of a Peepal leaf, 2 inch long 1-1/8 inch in width and ½ inch, thick, toned in bronze. On the obverse side is embossed a replica of the sun, below which the words ‘Bharat Ratna’ are embossed in Hindi. On the reverse are the State Emblem and a motto in Hindi. The Emblem, the sun and rim are made of platinum.





1954 (first recipient)

C. Rajagopalachari (1878-1972)


S. Radhakrishnan (1888-1975)


C.V. Raman (1888-1970)


Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)


Bhagwan Das (1869-1982)


M. Visweswaralya (1861-1962)


Govind Ballabh Pant (1887-1961)


D.K. Karve (1858-1962)


B.C. Roy (1882-1962)


P.D. Tandon (1882-1962)


Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963)


Zakir Hussain (1897- 1969)


P.V. Kane (1880-1972)

1966 (first to receive the award posthumously)

Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)


Mrs Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)


V. Venktagiri (1884-1980)

1978 (posthumously)

 K. Kamraj (1903-1975)

1980 (first to receive award after its revival)

Mother Teresa (1910-1997)

1983 (posthumously)

Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982)

1987 (first foreigner)

Khan Abdul Ghaffer Khan (1890-1988)

1988 (posthumously)

M.G. Ramachandran (1917-1981)

1990 (posthumously)

B.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)

1990 (second foreigner)

Nelson Mandela (b 1918)

1991 (posthumously)

Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1961)

1991 (posthumously)

Sadar Patel (1875-1950)


Morarji Desai (1896-1995)

1992 (posthumously)

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)


J.R.D. Tata (1904-1993)


Satyajit Ray

1997 (posthumously)

Aruna Asaf Ali (1909-1966)

1997 (posthumously)

Gulzari Lal Nanda (1898-1997)


Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (b 1931)


Madurai S. Subbalakshmi (b 1916)


Chidambaram Subramaniam (1910-2000)

1999 (posthumously)

Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979)


Prof. Amartya Sen (b 1933)

1999 (posthumously)

Lokpriya Gopinath Bardolol (1890-1950)


Pandit Ravi Shankar (b 1920)


Sushri Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar (b 1929)


Ustad Bismillah Khan (b 1916)


Bhimsen Joshi


Padma Awards Padma Awards fall next in line after the Bharat Ratna as national awards. They were also discontinued in 1977 along with the Bharat Ratna and revived again in 1980. There are three Padma awards, viz.


Padma Vibhushan:  is the second highest national award, given exceptional and distinguished service in any field including services rendered by government employees.


Padma Bhushan:     is the third highest national award given for distinguished service in any field.


Padma Shri:  is the fourth highest award given for distinguished service in any field.

 Gallantry Awards :

 Param Vir Chakra    The Param Vir Chakra is the highest decorative awarded for most conspicuous bravery, or some act of valour or self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of bronze.


Maha Vir Chakra      Maha Vir Chakra is the second highest gallantry award for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.


Vir Chakra     Vir Chakra  is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. The medal is made of standard silver.


Ashoka Chakra         is awarded for most conspicuous braver or some act of daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice other than in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of gold gift.


Kirti Chakra  is awarded for conspicuous gallantry, otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of standard silver.


Shaurya Chakra       is awarded for gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy. The medal is made of bronze.

 Other Awards:-

 Dada Saheb Phalke Award  Instituted in 1970 the Dada Saheb Phalke Award is conferred by the Government of India for outstanding contribution to the cause of cinema. The award is named after Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, the father of Indian cinema, who made India’s first feature film, Raja Harishchandra, in 1913.

The award comprises a Swarn Kamal, a cash prize of Rs. 1 lakh and a shawl. The award was first given to Devika Rani for 1969 who became the first lady reciptent of the award. Prithvi Raj Kapoor was the first to be honoured posthumously with the award.


Arjuna Award

Field: Sports (for players); Instituted in 1961; cash value: Rs. 3 lakh, a statuette, a scroll of honour, and a ceremonial dress. The government has recently revised the scheme of Arjuna Awards for outstanding performance in sports and games. According to this, to be eligible for the Award, a sportsperson should have had not only good performance consistently for the pervious 3 years at the international level with excellence for the year for which the Award is recommended, but also should have shown qualities of leadership, sportsmanship and a sense of disicipline. From the year 2001, the award will be given only in the following disciplines: (1) Olympic Game/Asian Game/Commonwealth Games/World Cups/World Championship and Cricket: (2) Indigenous Games (3) Sports for physically challenged.


Dronacharya Award

Field: Sport (for coaches); Instituted in 1995, Prize: Rs. 3 lakh Cash prize, a statuette of Guru Dronacharya, a scroll of honour and ceremonial dress. The award honours eminent coaches who have successfully trained sportspersons or teams and enabled them to achieve outstanding results in international competitions.


Dhyan Chand Award for Life-Time Achievement in Sports

Instituted in year 2002; carries a cash prize of Rs. 1.5 lakh, a plaque and scroll of honour. Given to honour those sportspersons who have contributed sports by their performance and continue to contribute to promotion of sports even after their retirement from active sporting career. Three awards are given every year.


Bharatiya Jnanpith Award

Field: Literature; Instituted in May 22, 1961; Carries a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh, a citation and a bronze replica of Vagdevi (Saraswati), the goddess of learning. The topmost Indian literary award given for the best literary writing by and Indian citizen in a language listed in eighth schedule of the Indian constitution. Before1982 the award was given for a single piece of work by writer, but after 1982, the award is being given for overall contribution to Indian literature. Malayam writer G. Shanker Kurup (Kerela) was its first recipient in 1965. Bengali writer Ashapoorna Devi (west Bengal) was the first female recipient.

It was sponsored by Bharatiya Jnanpith a culture-literacy society founded in 1944 by Shanti Prasad Jain, an eminent industrialist.


Gandhi Peace Prize

Established on: 2nd Oct 1994, the occasion of the 125th birthday anniversary of Mahatama Gandhi; cash value: Rs. 1 crore (a citation and a plaque). Indian government Instituted the annual international Gandhi Peace Prize to encourage and promote the significance of Gandhian Values the world  over. The Prize is decided by a 5-member jury headed by the Prime Minister of India. The first ever Gandhi Peace Prize for 1995 was conferred to Dr. Jutius K. Nyerere, former President of Tanzania. 


Borlaug Award

Field: Agricultural science, Instituted in 1973, Cash value: Rs, 1 lakh, a gold medal and a citation.

Instituted to honour outstanding agricultural scientists. It was sponsored by ‘Coromandel Fertilizer Limited’ in honour of the world’s renowned wheat scientist Norman E. Borlaug.


Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development

Institution in 1985, the prestigious award is regarded as ‘Nobel’, and over the years it has been awarded to persons who have done outstanding work for international peace, disarmament and development, recipients include:


Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar (SSB) Awards

Field: Sciences; Instituted in 1957; Cash Value Rs 2 lakhs, a citation and a plaque.

The award is given by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in memory of the late Dr. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (the first Director of CSIR) for important contributions in any field of science (biological, medical, chemical, physical, earth and engineering sciences). The award is presented to scientists for their outstanding scientific contributions made primarily in India during the last 5 years preceding the year of the award.


Nehru Literary Award  This award has been instituted by the Indian Adult Education Association for outstanding contribution to the promotion of adult literacy in India.


Dadabhal Naoroji Award  This award is given for individual contribution to a particular field. Cash value: Rs. 1 lakh, and a silver plaque. Earlier awardess include J.R.D. Tata, Nant A. Palkhivala, Satyajit Ray, M.S. Subbulakshmi, Salin: Ali, R.a. Mashelkar, S.S. Badrinath etc.


B.D.Birla National Award  This award is given for outstanding research in medical or related fields, cash value Rs 1 lakh and financed by the R.D. Birla Trust.


Sahitya Akademl Award  Awarded for outstanding literary work and comprises a cash prize of Rs 40,000 and a copper plaque. Sahitya Academy gives 22 awards to literary works in the languages it has recognized and an equal number of literary translations from and into the languages of India, both after year long process of scrutiny, discussion and selection.


Other Prominent National Awards :




Aditya Vikram Birla Kalashikhar Puruskar

Artist in the field of visual and performing arts for lifetime achievement

Dr. B.C. Roy Memorial Awards

Work in the field of Medicine by Medical Council of India

B.D. Goenka Award

Excellence in Journalism

Best Parliamentarian Award

For best all round performance as parliamentarian

Bhartiya Bhasha Parishad Awards

Writers in different Indian Languages


Bhaskara Award

The award is instituted to recognize the outstanding work done by scientist in the field of Remote Sensing. Instituted by Indian Society of Remote Sensing

Bhuwalka Award

The award is given by Saurabh Academy of Music and Dance to a Classical Guru every year

C.K. Naydu Award

Performance in Cricket

Chameli Devi Jain Journalism Award

In the field of Journalism, For the year 2001 Katch Mahila Vikas Sangathan was conferred this award

Chandrashekhar Saraswati National Eminence Award

The award was instituted by South Indian Education Society, Mumbai

CSIR Technology Award

Best contribution in the field of technology

Dada Saheb Phalke Award

Contribution in the field of Cinema.

Earnest and Young Entrepreneur Award

Entrepreneur with best achievements for life time and startups

Economic Times Award

For corporate Excellence

Exim Bank Award

For Business Excellence, perseverance and excellent teamwork.

Filmare Award

Best performance in India Cinema

Gujar Mal Modi Award

Best Scientist of the year for outstanding contribution to research resulting in new innovative technology

Guru Kelucharan Mahopatra Award

Extraordinary contribution to the world of performing arts

Hafiz Ali Khan Award

Unmatched contribution in the field of Music

Iqbal Samman

Creative writing in urdu literature.

Jeevan Gaurav Puruskar

For immense contribution to Indian Culture

KK Birla Foundation Awards for sports

 Recognise and honour the sportspersons for their outstanding performance

Kabir Puruskar

For recognizing acts of physical and moral courage displayed by member of a cast, community and ethnic group in saving the life and property of other cast

Kalidas Samman

Eminent personalities in the field of classical music, classical dance, visual arts and theatre for their outstanding achievements

M.A. Thomas National Human Rights Award

For significant contribution in the field of human rights

Messenger of Harmony Award

Services to promote amity and harmony

National Awards in Statistics

Given in recognition of a lifetime contribution to the statistical system in the field of Applied Statistics/Economics every alternate year

Prani Mitra Award

Significant contribution towards animal welfare

Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavna Award

Preservation and enrichment of India’s multifaceted cultural heritage

Sahitya Academy Awards

Contribution to Literature

Saraswatei Samman

Country’s highest literaty honour

Tansen Award

Country’s highest award in the field of classical music.

Vachaspati Puruskar

Best Sanskrit work published in the last 10 years


Indian Nobel Laureates:


Vyas Samman


Outstanding literary work authored by an Indian citizen published during the last 10 years









   Rabindanath Tagore (1861-1941)

   Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore is one of our

   country’s most distinguished and respected

   men of letters. He was the first Indian to have

   won the Noble Prize for his love lyrics Gitanjali.

   He was a great author and educationist who

   founded the Vishvabharti University

   (Shantiniketan, Bolepur).


   Poems: Sonar Tari, Purabi, The Cycle of the

   Spring, The Evening Songs, The Morning Songs.

   Novels: Gora, Raja aur Rani, Muktdhara, Raj

   Rishi, Ghare Baire, Nauka Dubi, Kabuliwallah,

   Chitra, Chokher Bali, Kshudhit Pashan. The

   British Government knighted him with the title

   ‘Sir’ which he returned in 1919 in protest

   Against the Jallianwala massacre.



   C V Raman (1888-1970)

   The first Indian scientist to have won the Nobel

   Prize for his study of the scattering of light

   known as the ‘Raman Effect’. The theory

   describes change in the frequency of light

   passing through a transparent medium. He was

   the first Indian and Asian to receive the Nobel

   Prize in Physics




   Hargobind Khorana (b 1922)

   An Indian-born American citizen, he was

   awarded the Noble Prize for the laboratory

   synthesis of a yeast gene for the first time.




   Mothe Teresa (1910-97)

   Born in Albania (Yugoslavia), she came to India

   in 1929 at the age of 19 and became an Indian

   Citizen. She established the Missionaries of

   Charity and won the Noble Prize for her

   missionary services. She was also awarded the

   Bharat Ratna (1980), Jawaharlal Nehru Award

   for International Understanding (1969), Ramon

   Magsaysay Award (1962) and Templeton

   Foundation Award (1973), to name a few, For

   her, life was a mission to serve the suffering




   S Chandrasekhar Was born in Lahore (now in

   Pakistan). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for

   his work, ‘Chandrasekhar’s Limit’, which

   determines the minimum mass of a dying star

   that enables it to survive.



   Amartya Sen awarded the Nobel for his

   insightful analysis in Welfare Economics where

   in the Bengal Famine formed the basis.