ABBREVIATIONS

Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or phrases, often used for convenience and brevity in written and spoken communication. They are widely used in various fields and industries to save time and space. This study guide provides an overview of common abbreviations and their meanings.

  1. Common English Abbreviations:

    • A.M. - Ante Meridiem (before noon)
    • P.M. - Post Meridiem (afternoon or evening)
    • e.g. - Exempli Gratia (for example)
    • etc. - Et Cetera (and so on)
    • i.e. - Id Est (that is)
    • A.D. - Anno Domini (in the year of our Lord)
    • B.C. - Before Christ
    • M.P.H. - Miles Per Hour
  2. Educational Abbreviations:

    • B.A. - Bachelor of Arts
    • M.Sc. - Master of Science
    • Ph.D. - Doctor of Philosophy
    • GPA - Grade Point Average
    • SAT - Scholastic Assessment Test
    • GRE - Graduate Record Examination
    • STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
    • Lib. Arts - Liberal Arts
  3. Medical and Healthcare Abbreviations:

    • M.D. - Doctor of Medicine
    • R.N. - Registered Nurse
    • EKG/ECG - Electrocardiogram
    • MRI - Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    • OTC - Over-the-Counter (medications)
    • CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    • AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  4. Business and Finance Abbreviations:

    • CEO - Chief Executive Officer
    • CFO - Chief Financial Officer
    • ROI - Return on Investment
    • NASDAQ - National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations
    • NYSE - New York Stock Exchange
    • A/C - Account
    • EOD - End of Day (financial term)
  5. Government and Politics Abbreviations:

    • UN - United Nations
    • USA - United States of America
    • EU - European Union
    • PM - Prime Minister
    • MP - Member of Parliament
    • FBI - Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • CIA - Central Intelligence Agency
  6. Technology and Computing Abbreviations:

    • HTML - Hypertext Markup Language
    • URL - Uniform Resource Locator
    • Wi-Fi - Wireless Fidelity
    • PDF - Portable Document Format
    • ISP - Internet Service Provider
    • FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions
    • RAM - Random Access Memory
    • CPU - Central Processing Unit
  7. Military Abbreviations:

    • NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • G.I. - Government Issue (referring to U.S. soldiers)
    • RPG - Rocket-Propelled Grenade
    • SWAT - Special Weapons and Tactics
    • MIA - Missing in Action
    • POW - Prisoner of War
  8. Environmental and Scientific Abbreviations:

    • DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid
    • RNA - Ribonucleic Acid
    • CO2 - Carbon Dioxide
    • O2 - Oxygen
    • NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    • GPS - Global Positioning System
    • CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research

Conclusion: Abbreviations are essential in effective communication across various domains. They simplify complex terms, save time, and enhance clarity. Familiarity with common abbreviations is beneficial for efficient communication and comprehension in diverse fields and contexts.