Synonyms

English Vocabulary

 SYNONYMS 

Most of the techniques that you have learned and mastered in previous antonym section will be equally helpful in solving the synonym questions. Most common types of synonym questions have a capitalized lettered word, from among the given choices; you have to choose the word that carries same or similar meaning to the capitalized lettered word. The capitalized word and the answer choices will be from the same part of speech.

Example:

The synonym of HOMAGE is

a. zeal

b. voyage

c. donation

d. tribute

e. flavour

Ans : (d)

Explanation: Its synonym must be a word containing respect in its meaning. Answer choices ‘zeal’, ‘voyage’, ‘donation’ and ‘flavour’ have nothing to do with respect. The correct answer is (d) ‘tribute which means ‘an act of gifting ’, ‘words or expression of respect’.

Example:

The synonym of Severe snowstorms is

a. avalanches

b. earthquake

c. blizzards

d. cyclones

e. tornadoes

Ans: (c)

Explanation: Answer choice words ‘earthquake, cyclone and tornado’ has nothing to do with snow. Your answer choice could be either (a) or (c). Meaning of ‘avalanches’ is ‘great slide of snow, rocks, etc. from the mountain slope’. This obviously, is not a snow storm. The right answer is (c) ‘blizzards’. Meaning of blizzard is ‘severe snow storm’.  

 Strategies for Synonyms:

1. Try to recall the context in which you had read the given word, when it is not possible to recall its exact meaning.

2. Try to break the word, look for the prefixes, roots or origin of the word as knowing about the origin helps to decipher the meaning to a great extent.

3. Methods of selection and elimination (which were discussed in antonyms section) will help you in choosing the right answer.

4. Sometimes the clue to the answer is hidden in the sentence itself. In this case, one of the answer choices must reflect the answer.

5. Before answering the questions you should be clear about idea, concept and tone of the sentence.

6. Last but not the least you should go through all the options very carefully.

Exercise for practice

1.  Find the synonym of PSEUDOSCIENCE.

               (a) copy                                (b) forgery

               (c) quasi                                (d) spurious

 2.  Find the synonym of SURREPTITIOUS.

               (a) Ambient                           (b) Secret

               (c) Inundate                          (d) Rebuke

 3.  Find the synonym of POLYTHEISM.

               (a) Worship of many gods

               (b)  Belief in spirits

               (c)  Respect for all religions

               (d)  Belief in many births

 4.  Find the synonym of INDEFATIGABLE.

               (a) Comfortable                    (b) Practical

              (c) Untiring                           (d) Strong

 5.  Find the synonym of NUNNARY.

               (a) of children’s stories          (b) of dead bodies

               (c) of unmarried                   (d) of coins.                                                                   

                                                             ANSWERS:

                  1. (d)           2. (b)            3. (a)           4. (c)             5. (c)                   

Find the appropriate synonym for the bold part of the sentence.

 1.  They become pale with fear at the sight of approaching figures.

               (a) scrutinized                     (b) blanched

               (c) sweated                        (d) horrified

2. Other men flew silently and quickly across our sky like a meteor, but he shone like a Sun in the heaven.

               (a) Flitted                              (b) blossomed

               (c) Succumbed                       (d) transmitted         

3.  The cute little girl is treated with excessive admiration wherever she goes.

                (a) critique                           (b) apprehension

                (c) adulation                         (d   calumny

4.  All the familiar land marks were blotted out.

                (a) sabotaged                       (b) obliterated

                (c) hauled                             (d) disfigured

5.  With a chisel you can either force open the top box or you can widen the slit.

                (a) Price                                (b) Elevate

                (c) trample                            (d) Expose

ANSWERS: -

1. (b)          2. (a)          3. (c)           4. (b)          5. (a)