Sentence and Sentence Elements


6. Sentences 

6.1      Kinds of Sentences

6.2      Subject and Predicate


A sentence is a grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.

color Pink favorite is my. (Makes no sense, therefore it is not a sentence)
My favorite color is Pink. (Makes complete sense, therefore it is a sentence)

6.1 Kinds of Sentences:

Declarative (Assertive) - A declarative sentence makes a statement. These are the simple sentences. Example: Maria lives in India.

Interrogative -An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.

Example: How did you get into the car?

Exclamatory -It is a sentence that expresses sudden and strong feelings, such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness, or gratitude. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.

Example: The monster is attacking!

Imperative –Imperative sentence gives a command, makes a request, or express a wish.

Example: Cheryl, try the other door.

Sometimes the subject of an imperative sentence (you) is understood.

Example: Look in the closet. (You, look in the closet.)

6.2 SUBJECT AND Predicate

Subject: Who or what the sentence is about. The noun, pronoun, or group of words acting as a noun, that performs the action indicated in the predicate of the sentence or clause.

The subject of a sentence typically

1. Occurs at the beginning of the sentence (position),

2. Consists of a noun phrase (form), and

3. Indicates the topic of the discussion (meaning).  

Predicate: Basically, the rest of the sentence or clause other than the subject; it usually has a verb, and thus indicates some action, but may have other functions such as modifying the subject.

The predicate

1. Follows the subject,

2. Starts with a verb indicating an action or state of being, and

3. Conveys a thought about the subject.

Example: I rode the bus to school today

In this the subject is “I

Predicate is “rode the bus to school today.”