Pronoun

Contents

      1.        Parts of Speech                                                                                                                  

1.3      Pronoun

1.3.1       Kinds of Pronoun

1.3.2       Rules

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.

Example: He is going to buy a new property.

                We are enjoying our holidays.

                Gardening is my new hobby.

1.3.1 Kinds of Pronoun

  • Personal Pronouns: Personal pronoun stands for ‘THREE’ persons -First person, Second person and Third person. A Personal pronoun has the same number, Gender and Case as its own.

 

 

Singular

 

Plural

 

Singular

 

Plural

 

Singular

 

Plural

 

First Person

 

I

 

We

 

Me

 

Us

 

My

Mine

 

Our

Ours

 

Second Person

 

You

 

You

 

You

 

You

 

Your

Yours

 

Yours

Yours

 

Third Person

 

He

She

It

 

They

They

They

 

Him

Her

It

 

Them

Them

Them

 

His

Hers/

Her

Its

 

Their

Theirs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Relative Pronouns: A relative pronoun refers or relates to noun.

Which, that, who, whom, whose and where are all relative pronouns.

Example: This is the girl who was awarded with the best writer award this year.

  • Indefinite Pronouns: Indefinite pronouns refer to a thing in general but not a specific something which is not conformed.

All, some, any, several, anyone, nobody, each, both, few, either, none, one and no one

Example: Somebody must have seen the driver leave.

  • Demonstrative Pronouns: These pronouns are used to demonstrate (or indicate).

This, that, these and those are all demonstrative pronouns.

Example: This palace is decorated with precious gemstones.

Interrogative Pronouns: It is a pronoun used in order to ask a question.

What, which, who, whom, and whose are Interrogative Pronouns.

Example: Who asked you to interfere in my matters?  

Note: All these five pronouns are in relative pronoun. A relative pronoun may be found in a question; an interrogative pronoun is found only in a question.

  • Reflexive Pronouns: The reflexive pronoun adds information by pointing back to a noun or another pronoun or in other words the action of a verb turns back upon it.

The reflexive pronouns are: Myself, yourself, herself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves.

Example: He saw it all by himself and then reported the mater to the police.

  • Distributive Pronouns: They refer to persons or things one at a time. These are always singular. Each, Either and Neither are Distributive Pronoun.

Example: Either of you can complete this task.

  • Possessive Pronouns: Possessive pronouns are used to show possession.

Mine, yours, his, her, its, ours and there are possessive pronouns.

Example: Those clothes are mine.

1.3.2 Rules:

Rule 1: A personal pronoun must be the same number, gender and person as the noun for which it stands.

Rule 2: A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number and gender.

Rule 3: A reflexive pronoun cannot be used as a substitute for the subject.

Incorrect: Mohan and myself decided to join politics.

Correct: Mohan and I decided to join politics.

Rule 4: A distributive pronoun is used as a singular.

Rule 5: As relative pronoun refers to a noun or pronoun, it must be of the same number and person as its antecedent.

Rule 6: The case of a relative pronoun is used in both subjective and objective cases.

Rule 7: No conjunction should be placed before the relative pronoun except to join together two relative classes referring to the same antecedent.  

EXERCISE FOR PRACTICE

PRONOUN

Choose the correct pronoun and fill in the blank.

1.     I saw the snake _________frightened you.

(a)     which                      (b)    who

(c)      that                       (d)     whom

(e)      was 

2.       ___________am going to Delhi.

(a)    I                             (b)      me

(c)     we                          (d)      us

(e)     are

3.     He was ___________Mr. Sharma.

(a)      a                           (b)    the

(c)      one                        (d)     that

(e)     he

4.      Ram __________been living in Delhi since 1967.

(a)     had                         (b)     has

(c)     since                       (d)     until

(e)     till

5.       I   am not so wise as____________

(a)      them                      (b)    they

(c)       you                       (d)    those

(e)      their

ANSWERS:

1. (d),        2. (d),            3. (a),           4. (b),           5. (b),