Adverb

Contents

      1.        Parts of Speech                                                                                                                  

1.5      Adverb

1.5.1       The Kinds of Adverbs

1.5.2       Comparison of Adverbs

1.5.3       Some Rules Related to the Use of Adverbs

1.5 ADVERB

An Adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. An adverb indicates manner, time, place, cause, or degree and answers questions such as "how," "when," "where," "how much”.

Example: He ran fast and caught the first bus to Pune.  

1.5.1 The Kinds of Adverbs

  • Adverbs of Manner: They provide information on how or in what manner.

Example: After reading carefully I came to know the real meaning of that article.

Adverbs of Time: They provide information on when it happens.

Example: I have never seen this type of destruction before.

  • Adverbs of Frequency: They provide information on how often something happens.

Example: They usually get to work at eight o'clock.

  • Adverbs of Degree or Quantity: They provide information concerning how much in what degree or to what extent something is done.

Example: There is hardly any scope for growth in the market now.

  • Adverbs of Place: They provide information concerning on where it happens.

Example: She will go there to attend a meeting.

1.5.2 Comparison of Adverbs

Adverbs, like adjective can be used in three degrees of comparison i.e., positive, comparative and superlative degree.

Examples:

        Positive      Comparative         Superlative

        Fast             Faster                   Fastest

        Early            earlier                  Earliest

1.5.3 Some Rules Related to the Use of Adverbs:

Rule 1: Adjective should not be used for adverb.

Incorrect: The moon shone bright in the sky.

Correct: The moon shone brightly in the sky.

Rule 2: If the adverb is of one syllable, the comparative is formed by adding –er and the superlative by adding -est to the positive. 

Rule 3:  Adverbs of manner, place and time are generally placed after the verb or after the object if there is one. 

Example: The sun is shining brightly.

Rule 4: Adverbs of frequency and most of the adverbs of quantity are normally put between the subject and the verb if the verb consists of any one word.

Rule 5: An adverb usually comes after the Verb.       

Example: Ram runs quickly.

In this sentence, the word quickly modifies the verb runs.

Rule6: Adverbs which modify adjectives or other adverbs usually immediately precede the words they modify.

Example: The package is extremely large. 

In this sentence extremely modifies the adjective large