Adjectives

Contents

      1. Parts of Speech                                                                                                                  

1.2      Adjective

1.2.1       Kinds of Adjectives

1.2.2       Degrees of Adjectives

1.2.3       Rules

1.2 ADJECTIVE

Adjectives are the words used to describe and point out the characteristic of the noun they go with. This could be about its shape, colors, size, number, etc.

Examples: This is an interesting way of telling a story.

                Don’t ruin your precious time.

1.2.1 Kinds of Adjectives

  • Adjective of Numbers

Numbers are usually adjectives, because the information they give is how many of the noun. They can be cardinal (like one, two, three), or ordinal (like first, second, third).Few, many, most, all, several, either, etc.

Examples: He worked hard and secured first position in the university.

                 These three books were in the store room from many years.

  • Adjective of Quality

These adjectives show the quality or kind of a person or thing.

Honest, fat, long, blue, clever comes under these types of adjectives.

Examples: The crops and plants have gone dry due to lack of rains.

                  Colorful flowers are blooming in the garden.

  • Adjective of Quantity

They show the quantity of an uncountable thing. Whole, any, enough, little comes under these kinds of adjectives.

Examples: Some of the mangoes in the box were rotten.

                 All that a country needs is peace. 

  • Demonstrative Adjectives

The demonstrative adjectives "this", "these", "that", "those", and "what" point out a noun or noun phrases.

Examples: That building was destroyed during the attack.

                These children were orphaned during the war.

  • Interrogative Adjectives

An interrogative adjective ("which" or "what" or “whose”) asks question along with noun.

Examples: Which way shall I go?

                 What book are you reading?

  • Emphasizing Adjectives

These adjectives are used with a noun to make the expression emphatic. Own, Very are used as emphasizing adjective.

Examples: I saw him beating with my own eyes.           

                 This is the very thing I want.

  • Exclamatory Adjective  

These adjectives are used to express the feeling. The word “What” is used as exclamatory adjective.

Examples: What a beautiful place it is!

                  What an idea!

1.2.2 Degrees of Adjectives

  1. The Positive Degree: The positive degree is the standard form of adjective.
  2. The Comparative Degree: The comparative compares two nouns and is formed by adding –er to the adjective.
  3. The Superlative Degree: The superlative compares one noun to any number of others and is formed by adding –est.

Example: Rajiv is a rich man, but Jai is richer than Gladys, and Sourav is the richest man in town.

1.2.3 Rules:

Rule 1: The comparative in ‘er’ is not used when we compare two qualities in the same person or thing.

Example: Mohan is more wise than strong.

Rule 2: When two objects are compared with each other, the latter term of comparison must exclude the former.

Example: Satish is cleverer than any other student in his class.

Rule 3: Double comparatives and superlatives are to be avoided.

Incorrect: Zarda mangoes are more sweeter than Maldah ones.

Correct: Zarda Mangoes are sweeter than Maldah ones.