States of Matter

Matter can be classified into three categories depending upon its physical state namely solid, liquid and gaseous states. Solids have a definite volume and shape; liquids also have a definite volume but no definite shape; gases have neither a definite volume nor a definite shape.

 

S.No

Property

Solid

Liquid

Gas

1

Shape

Definite shape

Indefinite shape

Indefinite shape

2

Volume

Definite Volume

Definite Volume

Indefinite Volume

3

Inter particular Forces

Strong Inter particular Forces

Comparatively weaker  Inter particular Forces

Inte rparticular forces are negligible

4

Inter particular Space

Negligible inter particular space

Comparatively large inter particular space

Very large Inter particular space

5

Particular Motion

Particle motion is restricted to vibratory motion.

Particle motion is very slow

Particle motion is very rapid and also random.

6

Packing of Particles

Particles are very Closely packed

Particles are loosely packed

Particles are very loosely packed

7

Compressibility 

Incompressible

Compressible

Highly Compressible

8

Density 

Very High Density 

Low Density 

Very low density