Aliphatic Hydrocarbons


Aliphatic hydrocarbons are a class of organic compounds that consist of carbon and hydrogen atoms arranged in open chains or branched structures. They are also known as non-aromatic hydrocarbons.

Aliphatic hydrocarbons can be further classified into three subcategories: alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons that contain only single covalent bonds between carbon atoms. Alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond between carbon atoms, and alkynes are unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain at least one triple bond between carbon atoms.

Aliphatic hydrocarbons are commonly found in crude oil and natural gas, and they are used as fuels, solvents, and chemical intermediates in various industries. Some common aliphatic hydrocarbons include methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, and nonane.