Resources

RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

 

Defining Resources

Resources are the things we use to satisfy our needs. They can be natural, such as land, water, and minerals, or man-made, such as buildings, machinery, and tools. Resources are essential for human survival and development.

Types of Resources

·         Based on Origin:

1.       Abiotic resources: Abiotic resources are materials that are not alive, such as rocks, minerals, water, soil, and air. These resources are essential for human activities such as construction, agriculture, and manufacturing.

2.       Biotic resources: Biotic resources are materials that are alive, such as plants, animals, and fish. These resources are essential for food, clothing, and shelter.

·         Based on Form:

    1. Tangible resources: These are resources that can be physically touched or seen, such as land, water, and minerals.
    2. Intangible resources: These are resources that cannot be physically touched or seen, such as knowledge, skills, and culture.

·         Based on Availability:

    1. Potential resources: These are resources that exist but have not yet been developed or used, such as oil deposits that have not yet been drilled.
    2. Actual resources: These are resources that have been developed and are ready to be used, such as harvested timber from a forest.

·         Based on Renewability:

    1. Renewable resources: These are resources that can be replenished naturally, such as forests, water, and solar energy.
    2. Non-renewable resources: These are resources that cannot be replenished naturally, such as coal, oil, and minerals.

 

Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is the concept of using resources in a way that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Resource Conservation

Resource conservation is the practice of using resources wisely and efficiently to prevent their depletion. There are many different ways to conserve resources, such as:

·         Using renewable resources instead of non-renewable resources

·         Recycling and reusing materials

·         Reducing energy consumption

·         Protecting forests and other natural resources

Importance of Resource Conservation

Resource conservation is important because it helps to:-

·         Protect the environment

·         Preserve resources for future generations

·         Save money

·         Reduce pollution