Reproduction in Flowering Plants Introduction

Sexual reproduction in flowering plants



  • Flowers have long fascinated human beings, captivating us with their vibrant colours, enticing scents, and delicate structures.
  • Flowers hold significant value in aesthetics, culture, religion, and social celebrations, serving as symbols of emotions and conveying important human feelings.
  • Beyond their ornamental and cultural significance, flowers are integral to the reproductive cycle of flowering plants.
  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants takes place within flowers, which serve as the sites for the development of fruits and seeds.
  • The two parts in a flower where the two most important units of sexual reproduction develop are:
  • Stamen: The stamen is the male reproductive organ of a flower and consists of two important units: the anther and the filament.
  • Pistil or Carpel: The pistil or carpel is the female reproductive organ of a flower. It consists of three main parts: the stigma, style, and ovary. 



  •      Angiosperms, also known as flowering plants, are the most dominant and diverse group of plants on Earth. They exhibit a remarkable variety of reproductive strategies.