Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology of Flowering Plants 

INTRODUCTION 

 

  • The wide range of structures in higher plants is a constant source of fascination.
  • Angiosperms, despite their diverse external appearances, share common features such as roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits.
  • Morphology refers to the branch of biology that focuses on the study of the form, structure, and external characteristics of organisms, including their various parts and how they are organised. 
  • It involves the examination and description of the physical features, shapes, sizes, and arrangements of different parts of living organisms, such as plants and animals. 
  • Morphology plays a key role in the classification, identification, and understanding of the diversity of life forms on Earth.
  • Successful classification and understanding of plants require knowledge of technical terms, definitions, and adaptations to different environments.
  • Adaptations include variations for protection, climbing, storage, and habitat-specific traits.
  • All plants, including weeds, exhibit roots, stems, and leaves; some also bear flowers and fruits.
  • The plant's underground part is the root system, while the above-ground portion is the shoot system.